Defence Matters 4


Russian President came in, talked with Modi and took away a business of at least 5 billion US $ for exporting S-400 air-defence shield systems from Russia.Every time such deals happen with one or the other countries, the member of Security Council I feel bad and morose about it, as I have been a manufacturing engineer even now. A question crops up: Can India be called a Superpower ever with such one way dependence on the two-three present Superpowers? Where has the drum beating of Make in India Policy gone? Will ever the Indian PM visit a country and sell some pricy wares? We shall keep on buying frigates,helicopters, nuclear plants, and our PSUs such as HAL or naval dockyards and even Atomic Energy Commission that established locally built plants will never be able to grow big enough and reliable enough to manufacture and export these critical technologies based wares.India is destined to remain laggard for years to come. These purchases are just against the policy of strategically critical Make in India policy. It seems those who are deciding these purchases hardly understand how it damages the future of Indian manufacturing and the pride of a country.


I saw A good article in India Express today that should let the government realise that it must not agree to the crazy needs rather demands of the defence forces to import everything- missiles, totally weaponised aircrafts, helicopters, tanks, FRCVs, ships and submarines instead of getting them manufactured in DPSUs, dockyards in public as well as private sector units. Let there be top level discussions on these topics and up the challenge of developing and manufacturing in the country.Let the government understand appreciate that till the time India keep on importing its all defence requirements from US, Russia, France and even UAE under the pressure from those governments, it must not even dare to call a superpower and a seat in security council. I wrote comment for the article, “India can be the source for global artillery requirements if the government so wishes. The guns from Tata Power as well as Bharat Forge manufactured from DRDO technologies were found to be superior than many global supplies. Ordnance factories Dhanush is also good. However, L&T and Mahindra are also manufacturing them with a tie up with South Korea and US respectively. But for the lust for import of India Defence, many defence equipment can be manufactured in India.”


If this is true, HAL has produced only one Tejas in last six months. Either HAL is incapable or there is some conflicts of interests that has caused this situation. The defence minister and even PMO must take a notice of it and come out with corrective steps. Nirmala Sitaraman must come out with a statement on the subject.


Shekhar Gupta, the well- known journalist on last published a column in Business Standard on last Saturday that must be read by everyone interested in working of the defence ministry and particularly that of HAL: “HAL has a simple business model: The government buys a foreign plane, adds a co-production deal and gifts it to HAL.It’s done a great job in many areas, also as an ally of ISRO and Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE), but self-reliance is a big NO. It’s just a PSU bureaucracy fattened on “room service”, or what we’d call in Hindi, “paki-pakayi”. The IAF has a healthy scepticism of its abilities. Don’t be taken in by the current chief saying he will buy 12 squadrons of the Tejas. What he isn’t telling you is, that given HAL’s record, by the time half of these are delivered, manned fighters will be obsolete, at least in the Tejas category.” For a reference, I shall include an older story at HAL facility that HAL itself has forgotten: “ Prime Minister Nehru brought in the legendary German aircraft designer, Dr Kurt Tank, to head the design effort for India. He brought his core team, and created an exceptional design capability for HAL in a short span of time. It is another matter that the country squandered that wealth of capability and experience created. The HF-24 was an exceptionally advanced design for its time. Dr Kurt Tank’s leadership and programme management was outstanding. At a time when technical wherewithal in India was extremely limited, he ensured that the programme was managed very efficiently. The first flight of the prototype took just four years from the drawing board, and the series production commenced in less than 10 years.” Will Modi Government be able to make HAL a world class aerospace co competing with the global biggies in next ten years and always look for importing all fighters and helicopters?


The offset portion of the Rafale deal has been very frequently covered in media in recent time. A large number of Indian companies and research units are involved. It speaks of the way the ecosystems for the manufacturing of fighter aircrafts are expanding slowly and steadily. It will help the various projects of DRDO, ADA and HAL to manufacture Tejas M.K.-1,M.K.-2 and then AMCA. It will also revive the Kaveri Engine project for indigenous fighters that had come to standstill. Here is a clear picture of the Rafale offset portion in schematic diagram:

The latest of Open Magazine deals with some revelations on the controversy created by Rahul Gandhi about Rafale deal:


India successfully conducted an interceptor missile test off the Odisha coast Sunday night, achieving a major milestone in developing a two-layer Ballistic Missile Defence system. We all must congratulate the India missile developers and manufacturers. I presume Indians have mastered missile technologies and have reached the take off stage where it can meet all requirements of defence and security.However, I fail to understand why our defence forces and government have kept on buying it from Russia, France, US and Israel. Can someone knowledgeable throw some light? Are we not confident of our engineers?

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कुछ दिल की बातें….

हिन्दू धर्म की सबसे पवित्र पुस्तक भगवद् गीता सर्वसामान्य द्वारा सर्वश्रेष्ठ मानी जाती है, जिसके १८वें अध्याय के श्लोकों में हिन्दूओं की चारों जातियों-ब्राहम्ण, क्षत्रिय, वैश्य एवं शूद्र के स्वाभाविक गुणों एवं ब्यवहार की चर्चा है.कहीं भी जाति को जन्म से नहीं जोड़ा गया है.समय के साथ समाज के अपना उल्लू सीधा करनेवाले ठेकेदारों ने जाति को जीवन यापन के पेशे के आधार पर नाम दे दिया और माता पिता की जाति से जोड़ दिया.आज हर ब्यक्ति अपनी शिक्षा, हुनर, दक्षता एवं अनुभव के आधार पर कोई कार्य पाता है, करता है और समय के साथ ऊँचे योग्य पदों को प्राप्त करता है.सभी प्रचलित जातियाँ कोई मायने नहीं रखतीं. फिर बार बार हम बहकाने के कारण इस पचड़े में क्यों पड़ जाते हैं.हम हर शिक्षक को ब्राह्मण क्यों नहीं कहते, हर सिपाही को क्षत्रिय क्यों नहीं।इसी तरह सभी सेवक के कामगार को केवल कर्मचारी क्यों नहीं.हम सभी अपनी शिक्षा, हुनर और अनुभव के आधार पर बड़ी जातियों में पदोन्नति पा सकते हैं. छोड़िये जातियों का झगड़ा एवं बनिये जो बनना चाहें….जाति पर लड़ना बन्द कीजिये..देश को टूटने से रोकिये…बहकाने में मत पड़िये .

ब्राह्मणक्षत्रियविशां शूद्राणां च परन्तप।

कर्माणि प्रविभक्तानि स्वभावप्रभवैर्गुणैः॥

हे परंतप! ब्राह्मण, क्षत्रिय और वैश्यों के तथा शूद्रों के कर्म स्वभाव से उत्पन्न गुणों द्वारा विभक्त किए गए हैं ॥41॥

शमो दमस्तपः शौचं क्षान्तिरार्जवमेव च।

ज्ञानं विज्ञानमास्तिक्यं ब्रह्मकर्म स्वभावजम्‌ ॥

अंतःकरण का निग्रह करना, इंद्रियों का दमन करना, धर्मपालन के लिए कष्ट सहना, बाहर-भीतर से शुद्ध रहना, दूसरों के अपराधों को क्षमा करना, मन, इंद्रिय और शरीर को सरल रखना, वेद, शास्त्र, ईश्वर और परलोक आदि में श्रद्धा रखना, वेद-शास्त्रों का अध्ययन-अध्यापन करना और परमात्मा के तत्त्व का अनुभव करना- ये सब-के-सब ही ब्राह्मण के स्वाभाविक कर्म हैं ॥42॥

शौर्यं तेजो धृतिर्दाक्ष्यं युद्धे चाप्यपलायनम्‌।

दानमीश्वरभावश्च क्षात्रं कर्म स्वभावजम्‌॥

शूरवीरता, तेज, धैर्य, चतुरता और युद्ध में न भागना, दान देना और स्वामिभाव- ये सब-के-सब ही क्षत्रिय के स्वाभाविक कर्म हैं ॥43॥

कृषिगौरक्ष्यवाणिज्यं वैश्यकर्म स्वभावजम्‌।

परिचर्यात्मकं कर्म शूद्रस्यापि स्वभावजम्‌॥

खेती, गोपालन और क्रय-विक्रय करना, ये वैश्य के स्वाभाविक कर्म हैं तथा सब वर्णों की सेवा करना शूद्र का भी स्वाभाविक कर्म है ॥44॥

क्या यही होती है राजनीति? राहुल गांधी की हाल की कहानी, “6 जून को मंदसौर दौरे के दौरान राहुल गांधी ने कहा था, ‘मेरा सपना है कि 5-7 साल बाद जब मैं यहां आऊं और जब हम अपने मोबाइल की तरफ देखें तो उस पर मेड इन मंदसौर लिखा आ रहा हो. नरेंद्र मोदी और शिवराज सिंह इस सपने को पूरा नहीं कर सकते, इसे सिर्फ कमलनाथ और ज्योतिरा्दित्य सिंधिया ही सच कर सकते हैं.’राहुल लंबे समय में देश में रोजगार की कमी को लेकर सवाल उठाते रहे हैं. उनका कहना है कि देश में रोजगार लगातार कम होता जा रहा है. उनकी सरकार आई तो रोजगार बढ़ेगा.” मनमोहन के दस साल में शाहजादे क्या दूध पीते बच्चे थे, या केवल अपनी ही सरकार द्वारा लाई अध्यादेश फाड़ना सीख रहे थे?

सरकार और रोज़गार की ब्यवस्था-सही शिक्षा, उपयुक्त हुनर: हर सरकार भरपूर कोशिश करती है देश में रोज़गार बढ़ाने की नीतियों को कार्यान्वित करने की.पर आज की स्थिति को देखते हुये इसे केवल सरकार के माथे मढ़ कुछ ख़ास हासिल नहीं किया जा सकता. हाँ, चुनाव का मुद्दा बना माहौल को ज़रूर गरमाया जा सकता है.देश की सबसे बड़ी समस्या है आज की एक बड़ी आबादी का आज भी अपने को ठीक ढंग से शिक्षित न करने या हुनर न सीखने की लापरवाही. न उन बच्चों के मांबाप, न समाज के नेता, कोई आम शिक्षा एवं हुनर के नीचे गिरते स्तर के बारे में बात करना चाहता है.हम केवल एकदम निचले पैदान पर अपने शारीरिक क्षमता के बल पर कार्य करनेवाले लोगों की संख्या तीव्र गति से बढ़ा रहे हैं.बहूत थोड़े लोगों की शिक्षा या अर्जित हुनर आज के कार्यों के दायित्वों को संभालने लायक होती है.आपने कभी किसी राजनीतिक नेता या मंत्री को लोगों को अपने बच्चों को अच्छी शिक्षा या हुनर दिलाने की ज़रूरत पर बल देते देखा, सुना है. दुनिया बड़ी तेज़ी से बदल रही है, पर आज भी माँ बाप परीक्षाओं में नक़ल कर सर्टिफ़िकेट या डिग्री हासिल करने में ही अपना सभी बल लगा देते हैं, अपने बच्चे को ठीक ढंग से मिहनत कर अच्छी शिक्षा या हुनर हासिल करने के लिये बढ़ावा नहीं देते. मैंने लड़कों को पैसे के बल पर मैनेजेमेन्ट की डिग्री अर्जित कर बेकार घूमते या सात आठ हज़ार मासिक पर काम करते देखा है. दुख होता है. वहीं नोयडा में एक प्लम्बर या लकडीं का काम करनेवाले लड़कों को पंद्रह बीस हज़ार कमाते भी देखा है.आज भी बड़ी बड़ी कम्पनियों में हुनर वाले लोगों की कमी के समाचार आते रहते हैं. गाँव के लोगों एवं शहर के पिछड़े वर्गों में अच्छी शिक्षा एवं हुनर प्राप्त करने की ज़रूरत के प्रति जागरूकता लाने की ज़रूरत है.यह समझना ज़रूरी है कि आज हर ब्यक्ति को पूरे ज़िन्दगी भर नई नई बिधाओं का ज्ञान या दक्षता हासिल करते रहने की ज़रूरत है, नहीं तो नौकरी कब चली जायेगी पता नहीं….सरकारें केवल शिक्षा एवं हुनर प्राप्त करने की सुबिधायें उपलब्ध करा सकती है, शायद नौकरी नहीं दे सकती..बढ़ते प्राद्योकीकरण की नई ज़रूरतें हैं यह सब….सोचिये हल-बैल गये, ट्रैक्टर, हार्वेस्टर आ गये…..क्लर्कों की जमात हटी, अब कम्प्यूटर के जानकार चाहिये उस जगह….तैयार होइये ….कोई राजनीतिक आन्दोलन इस बात के लिये नहीं किया जा सकता…

आजकल कांग्रेस के एकक्षत्र मालिक अपने को हिन्दू सिद्ध करने में लगे हैं, देखिये तिलक, लोगों के पहनावे. लगता है भाजपा और राहुल के पहनावे एवं तिलक एक हो गये हैं, क्या सिद्ध करना चाहते है तथाकथित शिव भक्त, जनेऊधारी राहुल… पर हिन्दू क्या इतने बेवक़ूफ़ हैं? अगर ऐसा नौसिखिया, जिसका पता नहीं किसकी बताई बात कहता है, किसके सलाह पर चलता है देश का प्रधान मंत्री बन जाये तो क्या होगा…..पर मैं कम से कम राहुल को हिन्दू नहीं मान सकता, क्योंकि इनके माता पिता कोई हिन्दू नहीं थे, न किसी धर्म परिवर्तन द्वारा हिन्दू धर्म में शामिल हुये थे….पिता पारसी थे, माँ ईसाई….मैं शायद पुरानपंथी हूँ…

आज बीस सितम्बर सोचा यमुना को हरिद्वार घूमा लायें. ड्राइवर से पूछने पर कि रिशिकेश का रास्ता कैसा है, वह कहा ठीक है दो घंटे में हो जायेगा. सोचा वहीं चले, पर कुछ दूर चलने पर अपने निर्णय पर अफ़सोस हुआ. देहरादून राजमार्ग एकदम बूरी अवस्था में है. लगता है सालों से काम रूका हुआ है. रिशिकेश मैं लक्ष्मण झूला का एक फ़ोटो लेने के लिये आया था, पर कोई फ़ोटो लेना दुस्तर दिखा. देश के हर दर्शनीय स्थलों की हालत साल दर साल बदतर होती जा रही है. लोगों की भीड़, टूटी सड़कें एवं रास्ते, शहरों का बेतरतीब फैलाव मन खिन्न हो जाता है. इसी तरह हरिद्वार के ‘हर की पैड़ी’ तक बिना गाड़ी छोड़े और बिना काफी पैदल चले जाया नहीं जा सकता किसी तरफ़ से. यमुना तो दस क़दम भी नहीं चल सकती. एक जगह तो ऐसी बनाना चाहिये जहाँ से ऐसी जगहों का बिहंगम दृश्य तो ब्यक्ति देख सके. धर्मस्थानों की हालत और भी गिरती चली जा रही है और दर्शनार्थियों की संख्या बढ़ती जा रही है.इस पर सरकार का कोई ध्यान नहीं है, शायद कुछ दूरगामी बदलाव करने ही नहीं देंगे धर्म के ठेकेदार.धर्म के नाम चलती दुकान नहीं बन्द की जा सकती.क्या हाल होगा ऐसी जगहों का आज से २०-३० साल बाद. अब यमुना के साथ तो कहीं जाना और कुछ देख पाना मुश्किल है. और उनके बिना मैं कहीं जा नहीं सकता. अब हमें ऐसी सभी लालसाओं पर लगाम लगा ही रखना होगा. बाद में कष्ट के लिये पछता कर क्या फ़ायदा…

हिन्दी दिवस पर एक अपनी कविता

अपने की क्या परिभाषा हो

जीवन की आपाधापी में

जाने कैसे यह साँझ हुई,

जब बचे अकेले हम दोनों

और समय काटने के प्रयास

विफल होते

देखा हूँ

बहूत विषाद लिये.

तो एक प्रश्न करता विह्वल

कुछ शंकित भी

‘क्या यह अपनों के कारण है?

जो दूर हुये’.

एक प्रश्न साथ ही आ जाता

‘अपने की क्या परिभाषा हो?’

जो अपने थे वे दूर गये,

कुछ पास रहे पर दूर बने.

सबकी अपनी मजबूरी है.


जो पास रहे वे अपने है

जो दूर गये वे सपने है.

फिर आज कौन जो अपने हैं?

जब शंका से मन घबराया

कोई आया , मन हरसाया

मिट गई सभी शंका मन की,

बातों बातों में शाम हुई

फिर बता गया वह राह सही,

जब गिरे कभी, एक हाथ बढ़ा ,

हमको थांभा, और खड़ा किया;

चिन्तित चेहरे को भाँप अगर

आगे आया, मन बहलाया

ऐसी कितनी ही बात हुई

मन हरसाया, फिर डर भागा

वह क्यों न हमारा अपना है

हम ख़ुश हैं कि हम दो तो हैं

कल फिर एक रह जायेगा


उसे यही करना होगा

क्या केवल अपने को लेकर

बाक़ी जीवन रो सकते हैं

सपनों में हम जी सकते हैं

जो मिले समय के आने पर

स्वेच्छा से आगे बढ़ आये

बिन झिझके हमको अपनाये

अपना वह ही हो सकता है .

अपने ग़ैरों का असमंजस

हम दूर करेंगे अब ऐसे ।

घंटी बजी

कोई आया

कोई हितैषी

आम भिजवाया

क्यों अब भी

कोई असमंजस……

राजनीतिक गलियारे के लोगों को आपस में कुत्ते बिल्ली की तरह लड़ते देख बहूत दुख होता है. क्या ऐसे लोगों के हाथ में देश का भविष्य सुरक्षित रह सकता है? क्या ऐसे निम्नस्तर के लोग हमारे देश को दुनिया का शिरमौर बना सकते है? माल्या ने देश के साथ ग़द्दारी की है, देश के बैंकों का पैसा ले भाग गया है. फिर कांग्रेस , भा ज पा आपस में लड़ क्या सिद्ध कर रहे हैं? राफ़ेल को ले कर भी यही हो रहा है. देश का समय जाया क्यों कर रहे हो. आज सत्तर साल बाद क्यों राफ़ेल आयात करने की ज़रूरत पड़ती है? क्यों नहीं हमारे अनुसंधान संस्थान एवं एच ए ल राफ़ेल से बेहतर लड़ाकू हवाई जहाज़ बना पा रहे हैं? आप सभी सत्तर साल तक सरकार चला यह क्यों नहीं सम्भव कर पाये? कोई पार्टी जब तक सरकार में रहती है, न कोई ज़रूरी सुधार करती है, न लोगों को काम करने के लिये प्रेरित करती है.इतने सालों बाद भी स्वतंत्रता के देश को स्वच्छता अभियान चलाने की ज़रूरत न पड़ती, न गंगा, यमुना गंदगी से पटी मिलतीं. पूरा समय पार्टियाँ अपनी प्रतिद्वंद्वी पार्टियों को झूठा और चोर बताने में अपना समय ख़राब कर देती हैं और लोगों को बरगला कर अपना ब्यक्तिगत उल्लू सीधा करती रहती हैं केवल एक लक्ष्य के लिये कि भोट और कुर्सी उन्हें मिले और लोग बेवक़ूफ़ बनते रहते हैं. कोई सोचेगा, अगर ऐसा नहीं होता तो आज देश में कोई अशिक्षित नहीं रहता और न इतने सालों के बाद गाँवों में चिकित्सा ब्यवस्था की कमी नहीं होती.अभी तो जागिये और नेताओं के बहकाने में नहीं आइये….अपने सोचिये और ईमानदार, कर्मठ एवं समाजसेवी लोगों को नेता बनाइये, बाहुबलियों को या अपना उल्लू सीधा करनेवालों को नहीं…

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Defence Matters-3


India successfully conducted an interceptor missile test off the Odisha coast Sunday night, achieving a major milestone in developing a two-layer Ballistic Missile Defence system. We all must congratulate the India missile developers and manufacturers. I presume Indians have mastered missile technologies and have reached the take off stage where it can meet all requirements of defence and security.However, I fail to understand why our defence forces and government have kept on buying it from Russia, France, US and Israel. Can someone knowledgeable throw some light? Are we not confident of our engineers?


I can’t say who neglected HAL more, perhaps UPA and other governments over many decades didn’t nourish HAL well to make it a global player. The governments would have given full professional management and autonomy to HAL. HAL would have hived off some secondary work in separate independent units and focused on design , development and manufacturing of fighters and other war planes with helicopters in a separate division. It would have spent on engines and used outsourcing in effective way to improve upon serial production of its planes and helicopters. A strong tie up and effective working relations with defence forces would been evolved with help of the government. Simultaneous engineering and management of specific projects would have taken strong foundation and matured by now. Unfortunately, though enhanced activities and outcome have happened during this NDA period reflected in forming of a squadron of Tejas LCA fighters but the production level is poor. Why should India keep on importing fighters of Tejas and better categories that can be developed in India? On helicopter front too, the mindset still is towards importing them from US, Russia or all odd sources. Prime minister and even Defence minister has gone everywhere but have hardly found time to visit HAL or other defence productions units and shipyards manufacturing critical naval vessels. When can the PM give a call to all the heads of defence manufacturing units along with DRDO and other research labs to produce the quantity and performance quality equivalent or better than the known global companies to stop imports


For the first time, a clear cut programme of induction of various HAL fighters have come from IAF and it is a welcome sign. Air Chief Marshal BS Dhanoa addressing a seminar in New Delhi said he was looking at inducting 12 squadrons of the Tejas Mark II fighter, in addition to two Tejas Mark I squadrons and four squadrons of an improved version, the Tejas Mark I-A, which are already being processed.That would add up to 18 squadrons of Tejas fighters of all types, making it the IAF’s most numerous aircraft, even more than the 13 squadrons of Sukhoi-30MKI fighters.

The first Tejas squadron, called the “Flying Daggers”, is already being populated with Mark I fighters as they roll off HAL’s production line – albeit far more slowly than planned.

The Tejas Mark MkI-A is currently under development with five specified improvements over the Mark I. These include an“active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar, an air-to-air missile with “beyond visual range” (BVR) capability, a “self-protection jammer”, air-to-air refuelling capability, and a sophisticated “software defined radio” (SDR). The defence ministry has initiated an order for 83 Mark 1-A fighters.

The Tejas Mark II is planned as a far more capable fighter, with its current General Electric (GE) F-404 engine being replaced by a more powerful GE F-414 engine, and a new generation of avionics developed in India. It will also feature a new-generation data-link – which could be the NATO standard Link 16, which India is now eligible to buy after signing the COMCASA communications security agreement with the US.Dhanoa made it clear that implementing these capability improvements were a pre-condition for more IAF orders for the Tejas.


Good News about Tejas Fighters: Some requirements of IAF in LCA Tejas as reported have been integrated by ADA and HAL. Simultaneously, a number of improvements are under development and will get incorporated as and when ready.

Item 1.The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research – National Aerospace Laboratory (CSIR-NAL) have indigenously developed carbon fibre, which is pre-impregnated with the organic polymer ‘resin’, to make complex parts like fin, rudder, wing spars and fairings in a single mould.India just does not have fund to go for such big deal and why should it do. CSIR-NAL has developed the autoclaving technology that treats the pre-impregnated carbon fibre under extreme heat and temperature. The material is then moulded into complex components of the aircraft.The use of this home-grown technology will reduce the number of parts of the light combat aircraft by 40%, the number of fasteners by 50%, and the time on the assembly line by 30%.CSIR-NAL has transferred the technology to manufacturing partner Tata Advanced Materials Limited (TAML), Bengaluru and an order worth ₹100 crore have been initiated.

Item 2

As reported, the naval version of the indigenously built Tejas Light Combat Aircraft,the project that was in abeyance for long time underwent a series of successful tests to check its capability to land on an aircraft carrier on August 2.”India has joined a select club of countries including US, Europe, Russia and China to have the capability to produce aircraft which can operate from an aircraft carrier.”

Item 3

The Central Scientific Instruments Organisation (CSIO) laboratory has developed drogue illumination system for light combat aircraft Tejas. This will enable air-to-air refuelling, during night/cloudy skies for fighter aircraft possible. The system is expected to be ready by year-end making India third in the world after the US and France to have this technology. The indigenous lighting system will be at one fifth of the cost available with offshore vendors.

Item 4

Gas Turbine Research Establishment (G T R E) is preparing to test its Kaveri Engine in High-Altitude Test mode after French Aerospace engine maker Safran has cleared technical audit.Under the terms of the partnership finalised late last year, Snecma is working to modify, certify and integrate the Kaveri on a Light Combat Aircraft airframe before 2020. A later phase in the partnership will involve modifications on the Kaveri for a twin configuration on India’s AMCA fifth generation fighter concept. It will replace GE engines used in fighters of HAL.


Progress Report of LCA fighters by HAL based on an interview of CMD, T Suvarna Raju with India Strategic,(

1. HAL has in hand an order for 40 LCAs, the first 20 in IOC (Initial Operational Clearance) configuration, and the next in FOC (Final Operational Clearance) configuration.

2. Nine aircraft have been delivered, including two two-seat trainers, so far.

3. HAL will complete delivery of 12 LCA Tejas in 2018, and ramp up the production to 16 next year, with the second assembly line set up in Bangalore.

4. HAL is working to outsource production of Front, Centre and Rear fuselage components as well as the Wings to the private industry. The process of certification of these major components is on. Once quality assurance is completed, HAL will be the mainly integrator.Companies with which orders have been placed yet are L&T, Vem Technologies, DTL Bangalore and Alpha Tecol.

5. After the delivery of the first 16 aircrafts, HAL will begin production of FOC LCAs.

6. HAL is discussing the production of mandated 83 LCA Mk-IA with IAF. There will be some 60 upgrades in the Mk-IA version over the LCA FOC. The Mk-IA LCAs will have an Avionics Upgrade, AESA (Active Electronically Scanned Array) radar, Air-to-Air Refuelling, BVR (Beyond Visual Range) missiles and an advanced EW (Electronic Warfare) suite. The engine however will remain the same, GE 404. This engine can support these systems.

7. The more powerful GE 414 will be installed in the LCA Mk-II variants, for which IAF has projected a requirement of about 200 aircraft. The programme is on and will take some time to mature, depending upon the requirements and specifications given by IAF.

A lot of work for Mk-IA such as Air-to-Air Refuelling, BVR (Beyond Visual Range) missiles is already nearing completion. India can hope of building and exporting fighters in years to come with a little focused and better coordinated work culture.


Chief of Air Staff, B S Dhanoa confirmed in July 2018 that first flight of updated LCA Tejas Mk-1 would happen before 2020 and the new variant would address obsolescence issues, improve maintain ability of the aircraft and would come with additional capabilities such as Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) radar,Beyond Visual Range (BVR) missiles, Air-to-Air Refuelling (AAR) capability, Electronic Warfare (EW) suite and advanced Avionics. Chief had further said that FOC for LCA-Tejas Mk-1 is likely to be achieved sometime in 2019, which is further way off from June-July 2018 what was initially claimed by both HAL and ADA in the media.

Tejas is inching towards meeting all the requirements of IAF.On Wednesday, September 5, IAF successfully carried out the first ever mid air refuelling of the indigenously developed Tejas LCA.

Tejas had successfully fired an air-to-air beyond visual (BVR) range missile three month before.

“The success of these trials is a major leap for the indigenous fighter and for Tejas to achieve ‘final operational clearance’.” IAF said


I fully agree with a statement that appeared in one of the columns of Financial Express: “HAL appears to be sandwiched between politics of designers, end-users, decision-makers, media, and reality distortion attempts by large arms merchants.” HAL requires stronger boss and restructuring to get over the problem. There is no point in running DPSUs in this shoddy manner in an era when even countries like Iran and Turkey are trying to have a strong defence production with fighter and aircraft carrier of its own. Government and defence ministry must intervene with the different inter-related institutions and either sort out the issues or privatise companies like HAL or close it. DRDO on its part must try to induce and sell its developed, designed and innovated products to private companies for production, as it did in case of 155 artillery guns to Tata Power and Bharat Forge. IAF and Army will find it easier to work with private companies, as they may meet their requirements better.

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Defence Matters-2


The super power US and Russia intend to cater to all the defence requirements for India, and competing with each other with all might to win the contracts, be it missiles, helicopters or fighters. India remains its the guinea pig, as it does not intend really to become a major player in defence production. From scratch, India could build nuclear power stations of its own and bombs along with globally envied satellites for space launches by ISRO, but it could not produce the guns, tanks and fighters that could be accepted and used by its army and airforce. It is the biggest scam of the nation after independence thrust upon the country by its ineffective government, corrupt bureaucrats and decision makers of defence forces.DRDO and its other labs must get the defence products developed by the country’s established manufacturers in private sectors, and I am sure that will be accepted by the India forces, as they have allergy for known reasons only with the government PSUs with no fund to entertain customers. Will some change be coming? With 4+ years gone, there in no inkling of that.God save country from its country men with vested interest.However, let every country man must know convincingly that India today can manufacture 90% of the defence equipment-guns, artillery guns, tanks, FICVs, submarines, destroyers, aircraft carriers, helicopters, fighters, UAVs, drones required by defence forces.


I fully agree with a statement that appeared in one of the columns of Financial Express: “HAL appears to be sandwiched between politics of designers, end-users, decision-makers, media, and reality distortion attempts by large arms merchants.” HAL requires stronger boss and restructuring to get over the problem. There is no point in running DPSUs in this shoddy manner in an era when even countries like Iran and Turkey are trying to have a strong defence production with fighter and aircraft carrier of its own. Government and defence ministry must intervene with the different inter-related institutions and either sort out the issues or privatise companies like HAL or close it. DRDO on its part must try to induce and sell its developed, designed and innovated products to private companies for production, as it did in case of 155 artillery guns to Tata Power and Bharat Forge. IAF and Army will find it easier to work with private companies, as they may meet their requirements better.


A new Boss at HAL: Will it bring a difference in working of HAL? Will the production of Tejas and helicopters go up? Will Madhavan be able to have better luck with IAF? As reported in media, R Madhavan has taken over as Chairman and Managing Director of defence PSU Hindustan Aeronautics Limited from T Suvarna Raju on Saturday. Madhavan was heading the Accessories Division of HAL at Lucknow as an Executive Director. I wish this appointment could be lateral one with best brain of manufacturing taking over. May be it could be from L&T, Tata or from Boeing or Airbus as private companies are doing. As it seems, the change will not matter much. From last April to August, media has not reported any addition in Tejas pool in its newly formed squadron. Anyone knowing more must contribute.

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Defence Matters-1


Four years ago on 15 August, Modi made the clarion call for “Make in India”, “come make in India, we have steel…we have discipline, we have resolve.. sell anywhere, (but) make in India”, “satellites to submarines”, implying immense potential in defence and aerospace.Defence had been opened to the private sector in 2001.But the complex processes made it unattractive for the private entrepreneurs.The “Make in India” initiative and Modi’s interest boosted the expectation for positive fast activities.Foreign direct investment (FDI) norms were relaxed from 26% to 49% and up to 100% for state of art technology. The strategic partnership policy came in 2017 with lot of hope. Pretty surpringly, the first women defence minister came out with a new Defence Production Target: turnover of ₹ 1.7 trillion in defence sector by 2025, an additional investment of ₹ 70,000 crore, creating two-three million jobs and the defence export target set at ₹ 35,000 crore.Recently, the creation of two defence industrial corridors-Tamilnadu and UP and the Innovation for Defence Excellence (IDEX) were launched. But nothing significant has happened in real sense during last five years. Will it make any difference unless the mindset of the decision-makers changes and they persuade their experts to work with the private, DPSUs, Ordnance factories, and DRDO’s labs with hand in hand cohesively during the development and execution of various indigenisation projects? During the last decade, India designed, developed and built at least globally competitive four major categories of fighting machines- Arjuna Tank, LAC Tejas fighters, LCH and Rudra Helicopters and Advanced Towed Artillery Gun Systems (ATAGS) that can easily be produced in big numbers and with its high performance can become the mainstay of our Army and Airforce reducing huge lot of import that is at present about 60-70%. Unfortunately, because of the complex decision making processes, we foresee little chance of its whole hearted acceptance by the two defence forces. Even the PM and defence minister, as it is the practice, can’t help.India will have to keep on importing unless the Army and Airforce change their mindset on its own.–India-needs-independence-from-defence-imports.html


Local Artillery Guns Finally Approved by Army: The DAC approved the manufacture of 150 indigenously designed and developed Advanced Towed Artillery Gun Systems (ATAGS) at an approximate cost of Rs 33.65 billion.These guns, which the ministry terms “the mainstay of artillery in the near future” are being procured under the “Make – Indigenously Designed, Developed and Manufactured (IDDM)” category. The Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) has overseen their development and two private firms will build the guns in parallel — the Kalyani Group and Tata Power (Strategic Engineering Division). The plan is to eventually induct about 1,500 ATAGS. The current order is a preliminary batch that will be used to continue gun development.Details of these guns and ground test. At least among the major items, the artillery guns are now locally manufactured by two private companies. Before this contract, Dhanush has already got acceptance of army few months ago. The government must encourage and assist to export these guns to other friendly countries, as in performance there are the best in the world.


Helicopter Manufacturing-An Attempt for private sector: The Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) on August 25 approved the Rs 21,738 crore (Rs 217 billion) purchase of 111 Naval Utility Helicopters (NUH). It will be built by a competitively chosen Indian private sector company. “This is the first project under the MoD’s prestigious Strategic Partnership (SP) model, which aims at providing a significant fillip to the government’s ‘Make in India’ programme. The SP Model envisages indigenous manufacturing of major defence platforms by an Indian SP, who will collaborate with foreign OEMs (original equipment manufacturers), acquire niche technologies and set up production facilities in the country.” The defence ministry had already promulgated the “implementation guidelines” for choosing an SP in the helicopter category, clearing the way for this procurement.Now the navy is to zero on the suitable foreign OEM as well as the Indian partner that will get into the tie up for building these 111 utility helicopters for the navy. Which private company in India will be the most eligible for this strategic partnership? At least two private companies-TASL and Dynamatic in India are significant players in the manufacture of major helicopter components such as frame for export. TASL has a major facility in Hyderabad manufacturing Apache frame.Dynamatic Technologies Limited has becomes Airbus’s Tier I supplier and caters to orders from Boeing and Bell helicopters.

The selected private company through SP must grow as a major helicopter manufacturing company to meet India’s future requirements of all types of helicopters and establish full-fledged industrial and R&D facilities, capable of meeting the future defence requirements.But what will be the time frame of this helicopter project? Will it be a 4-5 years execution programme or one taking 10-15 years?

I wonder why HAL is not allowed to develop and produce these helicopters on its own or as strategic partner. Why can’t its Dhruva or Rudra be made to meet the specifications required by navy utility helicopters?


Ashok Leyland has bagged a tender in the defence tracked vehicle space, marking its foray into the niche segment. As per the scope of work, the company will collaborate with Combat Vehicles Research and Development Establishment (CVRDE), Chennai, for manufacture, assembly and testing of light weight clutch for the design and development of weight optimised 1500 hp automatic transmission for main battle tanks.”

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Defence Matters


Rafale Deal: I have certainly few pertinent questions not for ministers but for the IAF decision makers who decide on import, technologies and add-ons in the contracts, that were hard to understand, appreciate and digest.Deal,made in 2015 was for procuring 36 ‘off-the-the selves’ Rafale fighters.

1.Should it have taken three years to start the delivery with one fighter and over five years, in exact word 67 months, to complete the delivery of 36 fighters?

2. Would not the technologies drastically have upward improvements in 67 months in present fast changing world?

3. Who soever have decided on the add-on technical features and inclusions such as radars, avionics, missiles, etc., the best and costliest available in global market must ponder over if the cost incurred was justified.

4. Was it necessary to limit the fighters by buying fitted with missiles- Scalp and Meteor, the first one a long range ground attack missile, the second a beyond visual range air-to-air missile, the best in its class? It suggests India would keep on buying Scalp and Meteor missiles.

5. Would not Rafale have been with capability of firing Indian missiles such as BrahMos?

6. Why should not instead IAF collaborate and contribute in developing and productionising of Indian fighters such as Tejas Mk-1,> Mk-2, > and then fifth or sixth generation AMCA faster and better in large numbers with India made missiles with all spare parts locally available? Why the gentlemen in IAF and ministry be in doubt about the capability of Indian talents that can be pulled out from IITs, IISc, and other institutes of excellence from all over the world?

7. Is it because import provides multiple personal benefits to some with vested interests?

8. Are my questions pertinent?


HAL requires a restructuring to be a full-fledged defence fighting equipment manufacturer.

1. HAL must be restructured to have its own full fledged R&D including integrating ADA or technical group working on aerospace research in DRDO into it. HAL should make its R&D as strong as Boeing,Lockheed or Airbus by attracting the best talents from the aeronautical engineering departments of all IITs or similar colleges in the country or experienced ones from abroad if necessary.

2. HAL can be depended on to manufacture all fighters and other aircrafts as well as all types of helicopters for India Air Force, India Navy and Army.

3. The manufacturing of the engines for its aircrafts such as Kaveri series and helicopter engines such as Shakti series must come under its wings including its research and development, if necessary with tie ups with the best possible foreign companies or and consultants.

4. As a system, a simultaneous engineering and management team of designers, manufacturers and users must be formed to execute the project such as Tejas Mk-1, Mk-2 or the fifth generation fighter till its induction in services.

5. HAL must have a strong outsourcing team to develop and use the potentials of the manufacturers from the private sectors or even the foreign ones.

Presently HAL have many activities such MRO etc.that can go under a separate organisation.


Upto last March 2018, HAL had handed over 9 serial production Tejas fighters to the newly formed 45th Squadron. Those fighters participated fully in Gaganshakti and got good review from IAF too. But between March 2018 and to date in mid August in 5 months no additional serial production Tejas got added into squadron. I do not if waiting for FOC, if the serial production is continuing , suspended or stopped. Even Chairman Suvarna Raju who took a flight in two seater Tejas and talked to media about it performance but never specifically mentioned the rate at which HAL is producing in this fiscal year. Can HAL manufacture any more than already handed over to IAF or will have to wait for the FOC about which B.S. Dhanoa informed the media recently that the Final Operation (FOC) for LCA Tejas Mk-1 was likely to be achieved sometime in 2019 which is further way off from June-July 2018 What was initially claimed by both HAL and ADA in media. As per Ajai Shukla of Business Standard, FOC may take more time. “ADA, which falls under the Defence R&D Organisation, is still struggling to obtain final operational certification (FOC) for the Tejas Mark 1, almost five years after obtaining initial operational certification (IOC) in December 2013. Business Standard learns that about 1,100 test points still remain to be cleared before the Tejas is granted FOC. This would normally require about 200 test flights, given that a well-organised flight test programme clears 5-6 test points in each test flight.

However, lack of coordination between ADA designers and the National Flight Test Centre (NFTC), which is headed by a senior IAF pilot, means this seldom happens. That has slowed the progress towards FOC.

“We will be lucky to obtain FOC by end-2019,” says an officer close to the Tejas project.”

What can one conclude about the working of HAL, ADA and IAF? Are they working to meet this critical requirement of the country or the delay is the indicator of inefficiency with which these organisation work as habit? The government, prime minister, defence minister, ministry appears to be working as just observers and no say of their in this sordid affair. IAF is interested in buying a big number of similar fighters from US, Sweden or France. This delay of Tejas may continue till the final decision on import is made.


Why should the shifting of the venue of the high-profile Aero India to Lucknow from Bengaluru be a controversy and that too political one? Why should Karnataka and its politicians ruling as well as others plead to stop this move that is aimed at inviting the industrial entrepreneurs in defence production to come in UP to take advantage of the second defence production corridor planned in UP after the first one in Tamilnadu? UP had been in laggard in industrial production and must get certain attractive events to allure the industrialists. The national growth planning must as much as possible balanced among the region. Let the politician shun this divisive calls in national interest and let there be no politics with the Aero India.

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Localisation of Defence Production


Has finally the Indian Air Force (IAF), which has long opposed the large-scale induction of the Tejas Light Combat Aircraft (LCA), been given charge of manufacturing the Tejas in the Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) complex in Bengaluru? What will be the management scope? Will the chairman and managing director of HAL work for some IAF boss or will IAF informally look after only the factors causing delay in FOC or for speeding up the production or for cutting down the cost to reduce its price? Will IAF also be responsible for MK1A, MK 2, Tejas naval version, and development of country’s next fighter program — Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA) — a single-seat, twin-engine, canted twin-tail configuration, a stealthy all-weather multirole jet fighter? Feasibility study on AMCA and the preliminary design stage have been completed. But, the project awaits approval to begin airframe design, development, and finalization stage as the domestically manufactured Kaveri engine (an upgraded GTRE GTX-35VS Kaveri 90 kN in partnership with French engine-maker Snecma) is still going through developmental phases at the Gas Turbine Research Establishment (GTRE) in Bangalore.If someone has some information, please share.


Made in India Defence Wares and its Acceptability: But for the policy and mindsets of the effective decision makers of IAF and Indian army, India could live with and depend on the home developed fighters, helicopters, tanks, artillery guns, missiles and weapons with very limited import, much lower than present 70%. Unfortunately, both IAF and Army don’t take pride in using India made machines and equipment or participate wholeheartedly with their developers and manufacturers in real time to avoid delays of integrating the developments they suggest or require. Like in every product manufacturing project, a high power project team of the best talents from the organisation involved with designs and development such as DRDO or its concerned research establishment, the manufacturing companies such as HAL or concerned Ordnance Factory, the IAF or Indian army as users, must be placed in a simultaneous manufacturing management team that sort out the issues related to the project in their areas without delay as and when it comes. This is the way today’s management in all sectors runs. But at present moment both IAF and Indian army start the process of their procurement with intention of importing the best wares getting built and available at the point of time with the most developed nations, be it USSR, France, UK, USA, South Korea, Japan, Israel or even China. With the sensitivity of defence, the political bosses yield. They project and show total lack of trust in locally manufactured wares. If pushed by ministry or minister, the procurement affair becomes a blame game or fight between the manufacturing units and user decision makers.Under this condition, it will be very difficult for India to grow as manufacturing of defence items.The government must ponder over it seriously. Both Tejas fighters and Arjun tanks have not gone in desired serial production for the above reasons. While India Army keep on ordering T-90 tanks, Indian Force is waiting to finalise the import order of single engine fighter from Boeing, Lockheed or Gripen before the FOC of Tejas.Let us fully understand that handing over of HAL, ADA of DRDO to IAF or Tank, artillery factories to India Army will be disastrous move. Interestingly,’the Indian Air Force (IAF), which has long opposed the large-scale induction of the Tejas Light Combat Aircraft (LCA)’


@nsitharaman @narendramodi With all my 45 years in manufacturing, I and many will not like to put HAL and ADA under IAF. Flying aircraft and manufacturing are very different art and engineering. Don’t kill HAL, restructure it with talented consultant. Let IAF change its lust for all costly imported planes, otherwise India will never become a manufacturing nation.

HAL must have ADA as its R&D and prototyping unit and get into fast forward mode of development MK-II and then 5th and 6th generation fighters and its manufacturing keeping the cost under control. However, it must also work on development and manufacturing of right Kaveri engines in a separate plant with an independent R&D unit of its own. For sorting out the differences amicably, an accountable high power simultaneous engineering and management team must oversee execution of all new projects. The handing over of HAL, ADA or DRDO to IAF will kill the local manufacturing for ever. Let a better sense prevail in nation’s interest.


HAL- Change of Hands:As reported in Hindu, HAL’s aircraft division will be headed by a serving three-star officer or an Air Marshal of the IAF, and effectively give the IAF control over the country’s indigenous LCA project. In addition, three institutions — Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA), Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE) and Gas Turbine Research Establishment (GTRE) — which are under the Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) are likely to be brought under the direct control of the Chief of the Air Staff. Thus, the entire development cycle of the LCA will have the IAF’s oversight and will ensure timely execution and prevent blame games over delays. This change may bring the speeding up of Tejas Fighter project. However, I don’t consider it as a right restructuring of HAL. It appears to be hasty decision against the norms of the best management practices. Will other laggard DPSUs also come under military rules? How technically sound is the hierarchy of IAF or armed forces to manage manufacturing and research organisations?


A Welcome Collaboration of HAL: Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) successfully demonstrated flight of a 10 Kg Rotary Wing (Helicopter) Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (RUAV). The RUAV is developed in association with IIT Kanpur and is the first outcome of HAL’s tie-ups with academia. To achieve self reliance in the aviation field and to enhance its R&D efforts, HAL is working closely with premier educational institutes and has established chairs at IITs in Madras, Roorkee, Kharagpur, Bombay and Kanpur and IISc Bengaluru. HAL’s Rotary Wing R&D Centre (RWR&DC) is involved in design and development of rotary wing platforms for military and civil operations.

Advance Light Helicopter in its different variants (ALH-Dhruv, ALH-Rudra, ALH Wheeled version) is one of its star products and in service with the Indian defence forces. The Light Combat Helicopter is also designed and developed by this centre and is under production for the Indian Army and the Indian Air Force. The centre has now partnered with IIT-Kanpur to embark upon design and development of a rotary unmanned air vehicle for defence and para-military forces and homeland security.


Some Good News about Tejas Fighters: As reported, the naval version of the indigenously built Tejas Light Combat Aircraft August 2, underwent a series of successful tests to check its capability to land on an aircraft carrier, “India has joined a select club of countries including US, Europe, Russia and China to have the capability to produce aircraft which can operate from an aircraft carrier.” The project was in abeyance for long time.

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