Dr. Amartya Kumar Dutta vs. Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen

What Dr. Amartya Kumar Dutta, Prof. In Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata takes Nobel Laureate Amartya Kumar Sen in an historical very authoritative and detailed article on the subject of the history of Indian Ancient Indian Mathematics, I quote here certain portions from the article related to the mathematics in Vedas:

1

Swami Vivekananda in a speech “India’s Gift to the World” delivered at the New York City in 1895 ([33], Vol. II, p. 511):

“. . . the ten numerals, the very cornerstone of all present civilization, were discovered in India, and are, in reality, Sanskrit words.”

2

Mathematicians have expressed their admiration for the two brilliant innovations involved in the decimal notation: the idea of “place-value” and the concept of “zero”. The great French mathematician Pierre-Simon Laplace writes (1814 CE):

“It is India that gave us the ingenious method of expressing all numbers by means of ten symbols, each symbol receiving a value of position as well as an absolute value; a profound and important idea which appears so simple to us now that we ignore its true merit. But its very simplicity, the great ease which it has lent to all computations, puts our arithmetic in the first rank of useful inventions; and we shall appreciate the grandeur of this achievement the more when we remember that it escaped the genius of Archimedes and Apollonius, two of the greatest men produced by antiquity.” (p. 19.)

The power of the place-value of zero has been beautifully highlighted by the American mathematician G.B. Halsted ([p. 20):

“The importance of the creation of the zero mark can never be exaggerated. This giving to airy nothing, not merely a local habitation and a name, a picture, a symbol, but helpful power, is the characteristic of the Hindu race whence it sprang. It is like coining the Nirvana into dynamos. No single mathematical creation has been more potent for the general on-go of intelligence and

3

Bibhutibhusan Datta (emulating a verse of K ̄alid ̄asa) in the Preface of his book:

“How great is the science which revealed itself in the Sulba, and how meagre is my intellect!

I have aspired to cross the unconquerable ocean in a mere raft.”

4

……..a passage from his ( Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen’s popular book “The Argumentative Indian” (2005) (pp 66–67) which has been the raison d’eˆtre for the present article (italics are ours):

“As it happens, despite the richness of the Vedas in many other respects, there is no sophisticated mathematics in them, nor anything that can be called rigorous science. There was, however, much of both in India in the first millennium CE. These contributions were early enough in the history of mathematics and science to demand respectful attention, but the BJP-created proposed textbooks tried, with little reason and even less evidence, to place the origin of some of these contributions in the much earlier, Vedic period.

Are we not reminded of Seidenberg’s phrase “haughty dismissals” (of Vedic contributions to sophisticated mathematics)? The contrast with the humility in Bibhuthibhusan Datta’s tribute (quoted earlier) is striking. That such a passage can occur in a book by one of India’s finest intellectuals 130 years after the publication of Thibaut, 73 years after the book by B. Datta and 27 years after the papers of Seidenberg, is a damning comment on the level of awareness about ancient Indian (especially the Vedic) legacy among the modern Indian elite.

Prof. Sen further says:

“For the sake of clarity, we have to distinguish between three distinct errors that are conflated together in this invented history: . . . (3) the manifestly false affirmation that the Vedas contain much sophisticated mathematics and many scientific discoveries (even though non-partisan readers cannot find them there).”

… Then comes a bizzare remark:

“The third claim, by the way,also has the effect of implicitly asserting that Aryabhatta or Brahmagupta or Varahmihira were not original in the fifth to the seventh centuries”.

Does an eulogy of an Archimedes amount to an implicit assertion that a Newton or an Euler or a Gauss were not original in the seventeenth to nineteenth centuries? The Vedic seers gave the (oral) decimal system, the post-Vedic mathematicians brought out in the open certain algebraic concepts dormant in the system; moreover, the system facilitated their original research on indeterminate equations and their computations in astronomy. The Sulba authors taught the theorem on the square of the diagonal of a rectangle and results on the circle; the post-Vedic mathematicians used them to develop trigonometry and the theory of quadrilaterals inside the circle.

But Amartya Sen continued his tirade. In the 98th Indian Science Congress (2011), Chennai, Amartya Sen proclaimed (as reported in The Statesman, Kolkata, 5.1.2011):

“those who are looking for the origin of Indian mathematics in the Vedas would be “completely barking up the wrong tree”.’

We are not aware of any large-scale protest or expression of disapproval from Indian scientists and intellectuals. If we accept the quoted statements as axioms, it would then follow as a corollary that Swami Vivekananda, Bibhutibhusan Datta and most of the scholars listed in the References are “partisan” and “barking up the wrong tree”!

Among a considerable section of scientists and intellectuals, there is an anxiety that an aware- ness about ancient Indian (especially Vedic) achievements will lead to a pernicious “glorification” of the past, which has to be resisted by all means — by “haughty dismissals” if necessary.

I have not added anything from my side. Please judge and comment…if you are interested in the subject of mathematics and ancient India’s contributions.

Read the complete article and share with those you know of their this interest: https://www.isical.ac.in/~amartya/rkmv_platinum%20(1).pdf

Are such controversy responsible for the present attitude in our youth in India? It surprises when many educated Indians today just talk in so irresponsible a way without the past achievements of India. Till India remained though divided in smaller states under Indian rulers many of whom promoted its age old cultures and education based on our ancient scriptures starting from Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagwad Gita, and many more.

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What Vedas teach us? A Quote:

यादृश्मिन् धायि तमपस्यया विदत्

(ऋग्वेद/Rigveda- 5.44.)

मनुष्य जिस विषय में अपना मन लगा देता है, उसे अपने पुरुषार्थ से प्राप्त कर लेता है।

By dedicated effort one is blessed with whatever his heart is set upon .

कितना सच है यह वेदवाक्य…..

Vedas and Indian Culture

Most of us Indians hardly know what all were the subject matters of Vedas that has a legacy of thousands of years. Here is some aspects of the Vedas that makes me proud of. Think of our wise poet Rishi who wrote and sang these hymns thousands of years ago. It has been taken from a book of Dr. A C Bose, ‘The Call of the Vedas’:

The whole Indian culture is based on the fundamental values formulated in the Vedic hymns. These source-books of Indian religion and culture has provided one of highest objective to live a peaceful society and life.In addition to the spiritual and moral values the Veda thinks in terms of physical and material well-being. Perhaps for the first, our very early scripture Rigveda speak of the optimum duration of life as a hundred years.The Yajurveda adds to this Rigvedic idea by adding that there should be the efficiency of sight, hearing and speech and prosperity going with long life.The Atharva Veda adds to these knowledge and progress.

The Veda also shows tenderness for children, e.g. Vena (the loving and beloved One) is caressed as a child by the poets with their hymns:— ‘the hymns ‘the Child, the golden-hued Bird.’ The poet asks his friends to ‘decorate the Yajna (rite) as they decorate a child to make it look beautiful.’ The Rigveda says elsewhere that the sun and the moon ‘go round like two playing children around the Yajna.’ Children are the symbols of racial immortality. A sage prays : ‘May I be immortal through my children.’

The Atharva Veda sets the ideal of the joint family in fine language. It desires ‘union of hearts and minds and freedom from hate’ and wishes the members to ‘love one another as the cow loves the calf she has borne ’ and ‘through common desire have one aim, be of one mind, following one leader.’ Their food and store of water are to be common, and their unity is to be symbolised by their gathering round the domestic fire in worship like the spokes of a wheel round its nave.

The Rigveda compares an ideal house to a lotus lake and to a divine mansion. The Yajurveda (describes the home as a place ‘on which man, sojourning, contemplates, in which there is much love.’

Hospitality, according to the Veda, is an essential domestic virtue. The House of an inhospitable man is no home, says a Rigvedic sage.According to this ideal a good householder must share his food with the needy. ‘He is all sin who eats all alone.

The Vedic people think tenderly of their cattle. These are associated with the beauty of their life, as the following hymn addresses to the House shows ;

“May there come to thee in the evening

the calf and the little boy (kumdra)

and cattle streaming along.”

The loving song of prayer has been compared to the lowing of a ‘cow for her calf.’Make our house happy with your pleasant lowings’ is said in another Rigvedic hymn addressed to the cow. While wishing that the cow should have many calves, the poet also wants that she should ‘graze on good pastures and drink pure water at good drinking places. ’ He knows the high nutritive value of the milk diet : ‘ Ye Cows, you fatten the emaciated and make the unlovely look beautiful.’ He records his gratitude : ‘ The cows have brought us good fortune. To me the cows are Bhaga, they are Indra.’ Here one can find the root of the special sanctity attached to the cow in later times.

In reading the Veda one feels that the non-human creatures were not looked down upon, as they are now, as lower animals. The beauty of beasts has often been admired along with human beauty, as in the Atharva Veda :

‘the majesty and lustre in males,

in the hero and the steed,

in the wild beast and in the elephant,

and the radiance that is in the maiden.

Vedas and Harmony in family

Vedas have spoken about the HARMONY in a family,among the people of a state as well as among people’s of different states.Even today, the hymns are pretty relevant if we can learn, assimilate, and bring them in use to reduce the chaos in social life. (This is quoted from ‘Thus Spake Vedas’ published by Sri Ramakrishna Math, Mylapore, Chennai-4)

1. Harmony in a family: I will make you be of one heart and of one mind, free from hate.Love each other as the mother-cow loves the calf born to her. Let the son be loyal to the father and of one mind with the mother.Let the wife speak sweet and gentle words to the husband. Let not brother hate brother, nor sister hate sister. Unanimous and united in purpose, speak with each other in a friendly manner.

2. Harmony among the people of a state: Assemble, speak with each other, let your mind be united through mutual knowledge….May the aim be common, the assembly common and the thoughts of these people united. Be of one mind so that you may live happily together.

3. Harmony among peoples of different states: Let us have harmony with our own people, and harmony with foreigners. Let us share the mutual knowledge and love here.Let us have union of mind, union of purpose. Let us not fight against the divine spirit within us. Let there be no battle….

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Dr. Jagdish Chandra Bose and Indian Eternal Truth

Here is something about Dr. Jagdis Chandra Bose whom I know from my Presidency College days of 1955-57. There were many stories about his scientific researches and how Marconi got the credit of radio that was first discovered by Sir Jagdis Chandra Bose. However, the following story I could know while going through the commentary of Gita by Yogi Yogananda few days ago. I wonder why do not we teach about the great scientists , philosophers, poets of India till date from ancient days instead of the teaching about useless kings and their tiny empires and then how we became slaves for almost 1000 years or more.

“In his famous ‘Autobiography of a Yogi’, Paramahansa Yoganand tells of his meeting with Sir Jagdis Chandra Bose, the famous scientist. Bose was a pioneer in demonstrating that the boundary between living and non living matter cannot be definitely fixed.

“A universal reaction seemed to bring metal, plant and animal under a common law. They all exhibited essentially the same phenomena of fatigue and depression, with possibilities of recovery and of exaltation, as well as the permanent irresponsiveness associated with death. Filled with awe at this stupendous generalization, it was with great hope that I announced my results before the Royal Society, results demonstrated by experiments. But the physiologists present advised me to confine myself to physical investigations, in which my success had been assured, rather than encroach on their preserves. I had unwittingly strayed into the domain of an unfamiliar caste system and so offended its etiquette.”

India’s Great Scientist, J.C. Bose

(from Footnote of ‘God Talks With Arjuna, The Bhagawd Gita of Paramahansa Yogananda, in commentary of the Verse 13 of Chapter XV).

‘The Secret Life of Plants by Peter Tompkins and Christopher Bird( New York: Harper and Row, 1973) recounts the story of Sir Bose further, on the contribution of Sir Bose.

https://digitalcommons.trinity.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1053&context=relig_faculty

Sir Michael Foster, secretary of the Royal Society, who had once talked with Sir Bose in his laboratory had written an article in Asia magazine(March 1923)where Foster writes on his meeting , “..Boldly Bose voiced his conclusion:’….If metals seem to live, what may not be expected of plants? This Indian who synthesises the teachings of his forefathers with the revelations of modern scientific research finds that every fibr in a green, apparently sluggish mass of foliage is infused with sensibility….They are man’s organic kin. Thus this scientist’s researches confirm not only Vedantic teachings, but the deep, worldwide philosophic conviction that beneath the chaotic, bewildering diversity of nature there is an underlying unity….At one of his Royal Society addresses, he had shown the complete similarity between the response of apparently dead metals, plants, and muscles and concluded, “It was when I came upon the mute witness of these self-made records and perceived in them one phase of a pervading unity that bears within it all things the mote that quivers in ripples of light, the teeming life upon our earth, and the radiant suns that shine above us- it was then that I understood for the first time a little of that message proclaimed by my ancestors on the bank of the Ganges thirty centuries ago: “ They who see in all changing manifestations of this universe, unto them belongs Eternal Truth- unto noneelse.””

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jagadish_Chandra_Bose

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जीवन सत्य

२७.१२.२०१९ को अचानक मन में एक बात आई और सोचा कि लोगों से भी बताऊँ, कुछ दिनों में एक दशक के अन्त और दूसरे का प्रारम्भ होने के अवसर की एक अकस्मात् आई यह सोच है: ज़िन्दगी, जब बचपन से अब तक के, आजतक के बारे में सोचता हूँ, तो अंक गणित का बेसिक- जोड़, घटाव, या कभी कभी गुणा और भाग लगती है. शायद हम शून्य से प्रारम्भ कर शून्य में लय हो जाते हैं या शायद अनन्त से चल कर अनन्त में विलीन हो जाते हैं…

कभी भी जब हम चारों ओर देखते हैं तो बहुत जीवन सत्य समझ आता है. भगवद्गीता में बार बार कर्म की महिमा बताई गई है पर यह भी वह काम बिना फल की इच्छा या चिन्ता के किया जाना चाहिये- ‘कर्मण्येवाधिकारस्ते मा फलेषु कदाचन ‘ इस दृढ़ विश्वास के साथ हम काम करते हैं, तो फल की चिन्ता करने से जो फल मिलता, उससे ज़्यादा अच्छा फल मिलते हुए देखा हूँ.

भगवद्गीता में अध्याय १८ में यह भी बताया है कि किसी कार्य में सफल होने के लिये पाँच चीजों की ज़रूरत होती है: पञ्चैतानि कारणानि  सिद्धये सर्वकर्मणाम्…..

अधिष्ठानं तथा कर्ता करणं पृथग्विधम्‌ विविधाश्च पृथक्चेष्टा दैवं चैवात्र पञ्चमम्‌ १८.१४॥

१. अधिष्ठान, २. कर्ता, ३. करण, ४. चेष्टा, और ५. दैव

हम आज पीछे मुड़कर देखते हैं, तो लगता है हर कदम पर कर्म ज़रूरी है पर दैव सब जगह एक महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका अदा करता है… हमारे स्कूल में सबसे अच्छे होना और अपने कार्यकाल के परिश्रम पर यह नहीं निर्भर करता है कि हम सबसे सम्माननीय ओहदे पर पहुँचेंगे कि नहीं….इसी तरह सम्पन्नता एवं सुखी जीवन के प्राप्त होने में भी लगता है दैव एक बड़ी भूमिका अदा करता है….हाँ, पर हम किसी मोड़ पर प्रमाद नहीं ला सकते जीवन युद्ध में….

सोचिये भगवान, जिसे आप कोई नाम दे सकते हैं, कैसे कैसे सहायता करता है या किया आपको आगे बढ़ाने, सुखी, सम्पन्न बनाने में…..वह सबका ख़्याल करता रहता है अगर अपने कर्म को करते जायें…उसे स्मरण करते करते….

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२०१९: ३६५ दिन में क्या किया?

२०१९: ३६५ दिन में क्या किया?

यह कहानी मेरी व्यक्तिगत है, अपने तरीक़े एवं विचारों, मान्यताओं या आदतों को किसी पर लादना नहीं चाहता, पर कुछ को अच्छा या अनुकरणीय लगे मेरे उम्र को देखते हुए तो स्वागत है….क्योंकि मैं खुद ही नहीं समझ पाता हूँ कि हिन्दमोटर के कार्यकाल में फ़ैक्ट्री में स्वेच्छा से १२-१६ घंटे काम करने वाला और अपने को पूरी तरह तकनीकी विषयों को जानने, उनका उपयोग करने, उन पर लिखने में लगा रहने वाला कैसे आज यह जीवन पद्धति एवं विषय अपना लिया है. अब की कहानी-

‘अध्यात्म ज्ञान नित्यत्व’ का अभ्यास करते हुए भगवत् गीता के कुछ जाने माने जाने माने अध्यात्म गुरू व्याख्याताओं की पुस्तकों को पढ़ने,समझने और व्यवहार में लाने की कोशिश की पिछले साल जो अभी जारी है और चूँकि परीक्षा तो होनी नहीं, चलता रहेगा यह अध्ययन, कुछ नज़दीक पहुँचने की इच्छा के साथ. यें ग्रंथ हैं-

१. Bhagawad Gita by Swami B. G. Narasinha

2. The Bhagawad Gita Swami Sivanand

3. The Holy Geeta by Swami Chinmayananda

4. Hindi Version of above translated by Swami Tejomayananda

5. The Bhagawad Gita for daily living (3volumes) by Eknath Easwaran

6. God Talks With Arjuna- The Bhagawad Gita by Sri Sri Paramahansa Yogananda

7. ऊपर की पुस्तक का हिन्दी अनुवाद ‘ईश्वर-अर्जुन संवाद श्री मद्भगवद्गीता’

8. Bhagavad Gita as it is – A C Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, ISKON

9. Hindi Translation of the above.

अंग्रेज़ी एवं हिन्दी दोनों भाषाओं की पुस्तकों को पढ़ने से आध्यात्मिक शब्दों को समझने में सहायता मिलती है. कभी कभी लगता रहा है कि सीमित मात्रा में सफलता भी मिल रही है.पर दूसरे ही क्षण आत्मनियंत्रंण की कमी का भान हुआ, पर प्रयत्नशील बना रहा हूँ. भगवत् गीता के व्याख्याकार विशेषकर योगानन्द के अनुसार सिद्ध गुरू से ही योग या ध्यान योग को सीखा जा सकता है, और वासनाओं का भी अन्त किया जा सकता है. पर असली ज्ञानी गुरू कहाँ ढूँढूँ? उन्होंने तो कहा है, अगर आप कर्म किये हैं उस तरह का तो अपने आप मिल जायेंगे. अंत: कोशिश करने कोई हर्ज नहीं. ध्यान लगाने के अभ्यास की ओर बढ़ा ज़रूर, पर पूरी असफलता ही मिली है. पर हाँ, इतना ज़रूर कह सकता हूँ कि अपनी थोड़ी कोशिश के बाद भी बड़ी शान्ति मिलती है, ध्यान में १५-२० मिनट के बाद भी अच्छा लगता है।

अचानक याद आया कि हमारे बचपन के एक गुरू जी एक अपने को अत्यन्त बुद्धिरहित समझनेवाले बालक बोपदेव की कहानी सुनाये थे, लगन और अभ्यास से सब कुछ सीखा जा सकता है.मैं गीता को पढ़ते हुए बहुत अध्यायों में अलग अलग तरीक़े के सिद्ध पुरूषों के आचरणों,लक्षणों का विस्तृत ब्यौरा पाया. अध्याय २-सांख्ययोग(श्लोक ५५-७१, कुल १७) में स्थितप्रज्ञ व्यक्ति का, अध्याय ६-ध्यानयोग(श्लोक ७-१०,कुल ४)में योगी का, अध्याय १२-भक्तियोग (श्लोक २-४, ६-८, १२-१९, कुल १४) में सच्चे भक्त का, अध्याय १३-क्षेतरक्षेत्रज्ञविभागयोग (श्लोक ८-१२, कुल ५) में ज्ञानी का, अध्याय १४-गुणत्रयविभाग (श्लोक २२-२७, कुल ६) में गुणातीत का, अध्याय १६-दैवासुरसंपद्विभागयोग (श्लोक १-३, कुल ३) में दैवी सम्पदयुक्त व्यक्ति का, अध्याय १८-मोक्षसन्यासयोग (श्लोक ४९,५१-५७,६१-६२, ६५-६६, कुल ११) में बह्मज्ञानी का….। एक चीज़ समझ आई कि बहुत से लक्षण इन सभी में दुहराये भी गये हैं जो एक आदर्श व्यक्ति में होने चाहिये.पर उन आदर्श गुणों को अपने आचरण में लाना तो उतना आसान नहीं है. फिर एक बचपन में सीखी बात की समझ आई. हमें स्कूल की प्रार्थना की याद आई और उसके अनजाने फ़ायदे का भी.’हे प्रभु आनन्ददाता, ज्ञान हमको दिजीए, लिजीए हमको शरण में हम सदाचारी बनें’. उसका कुछ असर तो पड़ा ही है हम पर. शब्दों अर्थ जानते हुए बार बार उच्चरित करते रहने से कुछ न कुछ गुण की प्राप्ति होती ही है. शायद जाप करनेवाले या मंत्रों को पढ़ने की बात इसीलिये कही गई है. उसी ध्येय से मैंने उन श्लोकों का नियमित पाठ करने की ठानी और करता जा रहा हूँ, अब तो सबेरे शाम कुछ समय निकाल कर इसे करना आदत बन गया है.चलो फ़ायदा तो होगा ही, बढ़ती उम्र की घटती ज़रूरतों के कारण भी सहायता मिलेगा, आत्मनियंत्रण भी समय सीखा ही देता है, समय की कोई कमी नहीं, फिर आदत बनती जा रही है इसमें ही व्यस्त रहने की. पिछले दिनों सर्दी के कारण बरामदे ही में घूम मेघदूतम् पार्क का काम पूरा करते वक्त इन्हीं श्लोकों को पढ़ते पढ़ते समय कटता रहा है. और अब किताब देखने की ज़रूरत भी नहीं पड़ती. पहले सोचता था इस उम्र में मैं शायद ही इतने श्लोकों को याद कर पाऊँगा.पर शायद उम्र कोई मायने नहीं रखती.

हाँ, एक इससे भी पुरानी एक किताब है गीता के ३० श्लोकों का टी. आर.शेशाद्री का, २७.४.२००० को ख़रीदा हुआ-The Curative Power of the Holy Gita. उनका दावा था कि इनको पढ़ने से बहुत सारी बीमारियों में लाभ मिलता है. कोई दृढ़ विश्वास न होने पर इसे रोज़ पढ़ता रहा हूँ बहुत सालों से और अब यह कंठस्थ भी है.

नित्य घंटे दो घंटे पिछले साल में मैं गीता की ब्याख्याओं को पढ़ने एवं समझने की कोशिश करता रहा हूँ. यह अपने देश की सबसे महत्वपूर्ण धरोहरों में है. वेद और उसी से अनुप्रेरित उपनिषद्, गीता और बहुत से ग्रंथ….फिर मध्यकालीन तुलसीदास कृत रामचरितमानस मानस.गीता कुछ कुछ समझ आ रहा है. अगले सालों में उपनिषदों को पढ़ने समझने की इच्छा है…

मानस का मासापरायण करता था कभी…फिर कुछ नवरात्रों में नवा-परायण भी किया….

आज के नित्य पाठ में है:

१.रामायण का आख़िरी दोहा

२.बाल्मिकी का अयोद्ध्या कांड में राम कहाँ बास करें के अंश, जिसे लता मंगेशकर ने गाया भी है.

३.विभीषण के राम के पास रथ न होने के दुख के उत्तर में राम का दिया प्रतिउत्तर

४. सुन्दर कांड पूरा

फ़ेसबुक पर तो लिखता रहता हूँ इन विषयों पर. पर एक इच्छा अपनी पसन्द के गीता के १००-१५० श्लोकों का एक संकलन हिन्दी अंग्रेज़ी में तैयार कर प्रकाशित करने का है. इसी तरह तुलसीदास के रामचरितमानस के सुभाषितों का एक संग्रह पर भी काम करने की इच्छा है.

शायद यही सब मुझे आगे भी व्यस्त रखेगा.

हाँ, इन आध्यात्मिक पुस्तकों के साथ मनबहलाव के लिये कुछ अन्य सामयिक किताबों में भी रूचि रखता हूँ. रामचन्द्र गुहा की दो मोटी किताबें आद्योपान्त- ‘India after Gandhi’ and ‘Gandhi That Years That Changed the World’, देवदत्त पट्टनायक की भी कुछ किताबें पढ़ी पिछले साल, जिनमें प्रमुख ‘Syam- Bhagavata’ थीं. दोनों अच्छा लिखते हैं.

देखें २०२० में क्या कर पाता हूँ….पर हर व्यक्ति को मेरी यही राय होती है कि वह पढ़ने में रूचि रखे. ज़िन्दगी की सफलता इसके बिना

…..

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80+ and Make it Enjoyable

In August 2019, I crossed 80, but more encouraging are the increasing shares of 80+ all around. We have been facilitating the known distinguished super citizens through our Adda at Meghdootam Park. We know of those at 93+, 90+, 85+ and some more. Even in the villages in Bihar among those whom I know are near 90 and 100 years of their life. Here are some data and views of a spiritual masters. I thought of writing about it, as I feel,it will help those senior citizens on the way to become the super citizens ad wish to enjoy that phase.

Interestingly, “at global level, the share of 80+ people rose from 0.6% in 1950 (15 million) to around 1.6% (110 million) in 2011, and it is expected to reach 4% (400 million) by 2050.”

I came across a book, ‘Living with Siva’ by Satguru Sivaya Subramuniyaswami, who American by birth became a respected Acharya. I found the content in Chapter 16: वृद्धावस्था ‘Old and Gray’ that is given below. It will be a good guide for the super citizens above 80 in our country too. It’s number is gradually increasing in rural as well as urban society not as exception but as normal.

“When I met Satguru Yogaswami, spiritual king of Jaffna, he was 77 ( lived a life of 92 years) still walking 20 miles a day, still meditating hours a day, and he would go on dynamically for another fifteen years…..Sri Chandrasekharendra passed on in his hundredth year, and we recently read of the passing away of a 116-year-old yogi. The US Census Bureau reported that from 1900 to 2000, the number of people in USA 85 and over population grew ten-fold, to four million, while the overall population grew less than four-fold, and the bureau projects that the 85-and-over population will exceed 13 million by 2040. The number of centenarians is expected to grow to more than 834,000, from 63,000 in 1900. Those who know wisdom’s ways have overcome the “I’m getting old” syndrome, a mantra no one should ever repeat, even once. They know how the minds work, and by applying the laws, they have lived long, useful, happy and healthy lives. …The psychological secret is to have a goal, actually many goals, in service to humanity to accomplish. ….Good goals and a will to live prolong life. It is even more life-giving when the goal of human existence, in helping people to fulfill dharma through a predawn morning pujas, scriptural Reading, devotionals acts and meditation are performed without fail, the deeper side of ourselves is cultivated, that in itself softens our kar as and prolong life….This body is impermanent, but it is only one you have, so make the best use of it. …..The older you get, the more disciplined you should get, the more sadhana you should perform…find new eager children to teach, new ways to serve and be useful to others, keep planting the trees, help in maintains clean ambience, be helpful to others as you are “old and gray and but here to stay’, see into the lives of promising people around and encourage them to greater heights….There is another 40 years before the natural life span of 120 years is reached, …to get out and give of wisdom that has been accumulated through the past eighty years….” Plan for your activities in next 5, 10, 15, 20 years. Do never feel defeated till end.

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भगवद् गीता एवं तुलसीदास कृत रामचरितमानस

श्री श्री परमहंस योगानन्द द्वारा रचित गीता के अध्याय १२ के १२वें श्लोक (जिसका मूल एवं हिन्दी अर्थ है-

श्रेयो हि ज्ञानमभ्यासाज्ज्ञानाद्धयानं विशिष्यते ।

ध्यानात्कर्मफलत्यागस्त्यागाच्छान्तिरनन्तरम्‌ ॥

अभ्यास से ज्ञान श्रेष्ठ है, ज्ञान से ध्यान श्रेष्ठ है और ध्यान से सब कर्मों के फल का त्याग श्रेष्ठ है, क्योंकि त्याग से तत्काल ही परम शान्ति होती है॥12॥)

के अर्थ एवं व्याख्या में तुलसीदास की कृति का उल्लेख है. अंग्रेज़ी एवं हिन्दी दोनों में केवल हरी प्रसाद शास्त्री की रचना का गद्य में अर्थ दिया गया है..तुलसीदास ने गीता के बहुत से श्लोकों को रामचरितमानस मानस में अपनी भाषा में प्रस्तुत किया है. ‘यदा यदा हि धर्मस्यग्लानि भवति….’ का तुलसीदास की चौपाई, ‘जब जब होहीं धर्म के हानि….’प्रसिद्ध है. मेरी इच्छा १२वें श्लोक की मूल तुलसीदास द्वारा तर्जुमा उनकी चौपाई या दोहा में जानने की है. मेरे मित्र श्री राम निवास चतुर्वेदी आजकल विदेश में हैं- शायद वे बता सकते थे…अगर पढ़नेवालों में कोई इसे बता दे तो मेरी उत्सुकता जल्द ख़त्म हो जायेगी, नहीं तो चतुर्वेदी जी का इंतज़ार करना पड़ेगा….वैसे कर्म फल के त्याग का जीवन बनाने का अभ्यास ज़रूरी है अगर हम सच में शान्तिपूर्ण जीवन चा होते हैं….

“ The ornament of a servant of God is devotion; the jewel of devotion is consciousness of nonduality.

“ The ornament of knowledge is meditation; the decoration of meditation is renunciation; and the pearl of renunciation is pure, unfathomable Shanti.

“ The pure and unfathomable Shanti cuts the root of all misery. He who holds Shanti in his heart dwells in a sea of Bliss. All sins that breed suffering, anxiety, and anguish disappear, together with all limitations….

“ Know him to be perfect who is most peaceful, who is taintless and free from all personal desires, whose mind vibrates with Shanti.”

हिन्दी में योगानन्दजी के पुस्तक का अनुवाद

“ईश्वर के सेवक का भूषण भक्ति है,भक्ति का गहना अद्वैत की चेतना है।

“ज्ञान का आभूषण ध्यान है, ध्यान का अलंकरण त्याग है, और त्याग का मोती रूपी फल, विशुद्ध अथाह शान्ति है।

“विशुद्ध एवं अथाह शान्ति सब दु:खों की जड़ को काट देती है।जो अपने हृदय में शान्ति को धारण करता है, वह परमानन्द के सागर में बसता है।सभी पाप जो दु:ख, चिन्ता तथा पीड़ा उत्पन्न करते हैं, अपनी सभी सीमाओं के साथ विलीन हो जाते हैं।….

उसे सिद्ध जानो जो सर्वाधिक शान्तिपूर्ण है, जो निष्कलंक तथा सभी व्यक्तिगत इच्छाओं ये मुक्त है, जिसका मन शान्ति से स्पन्दित होता है।”

-Tulsidas, in Indian Mystic Verse, translated by Hari Prasad Shastri (London: Shanti Sadan, 1984).

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