Defence Matters-2

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The super power US and Russia intend to cater to all the defence requirements for India, and competing with each other with all might to win the contracts, be it missiles, helicopters or fighters. India remains its the guinea pig, as it does not intend really to become a major player in defence production. From scratch, India could build nuclear power stations of its own and bombs along with globally envied satellites for space launches by ISRO, but it could not produce the guns, tanks and fighters that could be accepted and used by its army and airforce. It is the biggest scam of the nation after independence thrust upon the country by its ineffective government, corrupt bureaucrats and decision makers of defence forces.DRDO and its other labs must get the defence products developed by the country’s established manufacturers in private sectors, and I am sure that will be accepted by the India forces, as they have allergy for known reasons only with the government PSUs with no fund to entertain customers. Will some change be coming? With 4+ years gone, there in no inkling of that.God save country from its country men with vested interest.However, let every country man must know convincingly that India today can manufacture 90% of the defence equipment-guns, artillery guns, tanks, FICVs, submarines, destroyers, aircraft carriers, helicopters, fighters, UAVs, drones required by defence forces.

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I fully agree with a statement that appeared in one of the columns of Financial Express: “HAL appears to be sandwiched between politics of designers, end-users, decision-makers, media, and reality distortion attempts by large arms merchants.” HAL requires stronger boss and restructuring to get over the problem. There is no point in running DPSUs in this shoddy manner in an era when even countries like Iran and Turkey are trying to have a strong defence production with fighter and aircraft carrier of its own. Government and defence ministry must intervene with the different inter-related institutions and either sort out the issues or privatise companies like HAL or close it. DRDO on its part must try to induce and sell its developed, designed and innovated products to private companies for production, as it did in case of 155 artillery guns to Tata Power and Bharat Forge. IAF and Army will find it easier to work with private companies, as they may meet their requirements better.

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A new Boss at HAL: Will it bring a difference in working of HAL? Will the production of Tejas and helicopters go up? Will Madhavan be able to have better luck with IAF? As reported in media, R Madhavan has taken over as Chairman and Managing Director of defence PSU Hindustan Aeronautics Limited from T Suvarna Raju on Saturday. Madhavan was heading the Accessories Division of HAL at Lucknow as an Executive Director. I wish this appointment could be lateral one with best brain of manufacturing taking over. May be it could be from L&T, Tata or from Boeing or Airbus as private companies are doing. As it seems, the change will not matter much. From last April to August, media has not reported any addition in Tejas pool in its newly formed squadron. Anyone knowing more must contribute.

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Defence Matters-1

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Four years ago on 15 August, Modi made the clarion call for “Make in India”, “come make in India, we have steel…we have discipline, we have resolve.. sell anywhere, (but) make in India”, “satellites to submarines”, implying immense potential in defence and aerospace.Defence had been opened to the private sector in 2001.But the complex processes made it unattractive for the private entrepreneurs.The “Make in India” initiative and Modi’s interest boosted the expectation for positive fast activities.Foreign direct investment (FDI) norms were relaxed from 26% to 49% and up to 100% for state of art technology. The strategic partnership policy came in 2017 with lot of hope. Pretty surpringly, the first women defence minister came out with a new Defence Production Target: turnover of ₹ 1.7 trillion in defence sector by 2025, an additional investment of ₹ 70,000 crore, creating two-three million jobs and the defence export target set at ₹ 35,000 crore.Recently, the creation of two defence industrial corridors-Tamilnadu and UP and the Innovation for Defence Excellence (IDEX) were launched. But nothing significant has happened in real sense during last five years. Will it make any difference unless the mindset of the decision-makers changes and they persuade their experts to work with the private, DPSUs, Ordnance factories, and DRDO’s labs with hand in hand cohesively during the development and execution of various indigenisation projects? During the last decade, India designed, developed and built at least globally competitive four major categories of fighting machines- Arjuna Tank, LAC Tejas fighters, LCH and Rudra Helicopters and Advanced Towed Artillery Gun Systems (ATAGS) that can easily be produced in big numbers and with its high performance can become the mainstay of our Army and Airforce reducing huge lot of import that is at present about 60-70%. Unfortunately, because of the complex decision making processes, we foresee little chance of its whole hearted acceptance by the two defence forces. Even the PM and defence minister, as it is the practice, can’t help.India will have to keep on importing unless the Army and Airforce change their mindset on its own.

https://www.livemint.com/Opinion/1KLEVUo0JAlW6On2Co1QYL/Opinion–India-needs-independence-from-defence-imports.html

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Local Artillery Guns Finally Approved by Army: The DAC approved the manufacture of 150 indigenously designed and developed Advanced Towed Artillery Gun Systems (ATAGS) at an approximate cost of Rs 33.65 billion.These guns, which the ministry terms “the mainstay of artillery in the near future” are being procured under the “Make – Indigenously Designed, Developed and Manufactured (IDDM)” category. The Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) has overseen their development and two private firms will build the guns in parallel — the Kalyani Group and Tata Power (Strategic Engineering Division). The plan is to eventually induct about 1,500 ATAGS. The current order is a preliminary batch that will be used to continue gun development.Details of these guns and ground test. At least among the major items, the artillery guns are now locally manufactured by two private companies. Before this contract, Dhanush has already got acceptance of army few months ago. The government must encourage and assist to export these guns to other friendly countries, as in performance there are the best in the world. https://www.indiatoday.in/magazine/the-big-story/story/20180305-bang-for-the-buck-make-in-india-military-hardware-1176002-2018-02-22

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Helicopter Manufacturing-An Attempt for private sector: The Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) on August 25 approved the Rs 21,738 crore (Rs 217 billion) purchase of 111 Naval Utility Helicopters (NUH). It will be built by a competitively chosen Indian private sector company. “This is the first project under the MoD’s prestigious Strategic Partnership (SP) model, which aims at providing a significant fillip to the government’s ‘Make in India’ programme. The SP Model envisages indigenous manufacturing of major defence platforms by an Indian SP, who will collaborate with foreign OEMs (original equipment manufacturers), acquire niche technologies and set up production facilities in the country.” The defence ministry had already promulgated the “implementation guidelines” for choosing an SP in the helicopter category, clearing the way for this procurement.Now the navy is to zero on the suitable foreign OEM as well as the Indian partner that will get into the tie up for building these 111 utility helicopters for the navy. Which private company in India will be the most eligible for this strategic partnership? At least two private companies-TASL and Dynamatic in India are significant players in the manufacture of major helicopter components such as frame for export. TASL has a major facility in Hyderabad manufacturing Apache frame.Dynamatic Technologies Limited has becomes Airbus’s Tier I supplier and caters to orders from Boeing and Bell helicopters.https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/economy/logistics/Boeing-awards-Chinook-parts-contract-to-Dynamatic/article20634204.ece

The selected private company through SP must grow as a major helicopter manufacturing company to meet India’s future requirements of all types of helicopters and establish full-fledged industrial and R&D facilities, capable of meeting the future defence requirements.But what will be the time frame of this helicopter project? Will it be a 4-5 years execution programme or one taking 10-15 years?

I wonder why HAL is not allowed to develop and produce these helicopters on its own or as strategic partner. Why can’t its Dhruva or Rudra be made to meet the specifications required by navy utility helicopters?

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Ashok Leyland has bagged a tender in the defence tracked vehicle space, marking its foray into the niche segment. As per the scope of work, the company will collaborate with Combat Vehicles Research and Development Establishment (CVRDE), Chennai, for manufacture, assembly and testing of light weight clutch for the design and development of weight optimised 1500 hp automatic transmission for main battle tanks.”

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Defence Matters

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Rafale Deal: I have certainly few pertinent questions not for ministers but for the IAF decision makers who decide on import, technologies and add-ons in the contracts, that were hard to understand, appreciate and digest.Deal,made in 2015 was for procuring 36 ‘off-the-the selves’ Rafale fighters.

1.Should it have taken three years to start the delivery with one fighter and over five years, in exact word 67 months, to complete the delivery of 36 fighters?

2. Would not the technologies drastically have upward improvements in 67 months in present fast changing world?

3. Who soever have decided on the add-on technical features and inclusions such as radars, avionics, missiles, etc., the best and costliest available in global market must ponder over if the cost incurred was justified.

4. Was it necessary to limit the fighters by buying fitted with missiles- Scalp and Meteor, the first one a long range ground attack missile, the second a beyond visual range air-to-air missile, the best in its class? It suggests India would keep on buying Scalp and Meteor missiles.

5. Would not Rafale have been with capability of firing Indian missiles such as BrahMos?

6. Why should not instead IAF collaborate and contribute in developing and productionising of Indian fighters such as Tejas Mk-1,> Mk-2, > and then fifth or sixth generation AMCA faster and better in large numbers with India made missiles with all spare parts locally available? Why the gentlemen in IAF and ministry be in doubt about the capability of Indian talents that can be pulled out from IITs, IISc, and other institutes of excellence from all over the world?

7. Is it because import provides multiple personal benefits to some with vested interests?

8. Are my questions pertinent?

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HAL requires a restructuring to be a full-fledged defence fighting equipment manufacturer.

1. HAL must be restructured to have its own full fledged R&D including integrating ADA or technical group working on aerospace research in DRDO into it. HAL should make its R&D as strong as Boeing,Lockheed or Airbus by attracting the best talents from the aeronautical engineering departments of all IITs or similar colleges in the country or experienced ones from abroad if necessary.

2. HAL can be depended on to manufacture all fighters and other aircrafts as well as all types of helicopters for India Air Force, India Navy and Army.

3. The manufacturing of the engines for its aircrafts such as Kaveri series and helicopter engines such as Shakti series must come under its wings including its research and development, if necessary with tie ups with the best possible foreign companies or and consultants.

4. As a system, a simultaneous engineering and management team of designers, manufacturers and users must be formed to execute the project such as Tejas Mk-1, Mk-2 or the fifth generation fighter till its induction in services.

5. HAL must have a strong outsourcing team to develop and use the potentials of the manufacturers from the private sectors or even the foreign ones.

Presently HAL have many activities such MRO etc.that can go under a separate organisation.

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Upto last March 2018, HAL had handed over 9 serial production Tejas fighters to the newly formed 45th Squadron. Those fighters participated fully in Gaganshakti and got good review from IAF too. But between March 2018 and to date in mid August in 5 months no additional serial production Tejas got added into squadron. I do not if waiting for FOC, if the serial production is continuing , suspended or stopped. Even Chairman Suvarna Raju who took a flight in two seater Tejas and talked to media about it performance but never specifically mentioned the rate at which HAL is producing in this fiscal year. https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/defence/tejas-capable-of-being-backbone-of-iafs-combat-power-hal-chief/articleshow/65326819.cms Can HAL manufacture any more than already handed over to IAF or will have to wait for the FOC about which B.S. Dhanoa informed the media recently that the Final Operation (FOC) for LCA Tejas Mk-1 was likely to be achieved sometime in 2019 which is further way off from June-July 2018 What was initially claimed by both HAL and ADA in media. As per Ajai Shukla of Business Standard, FOC may take more time. “ADA, which falls under the Defence R&D Organisation, is still struggling to obtain final operational certification (FOC) for the Tejas Mark 1, almost five years after obtaining initial operational certification (IOC) in December 2013. Business Standard learns that about 1,100 test points still remain to be cleared before the Tejas is granted FOC. This would normally require about 200 test flights, given that a well-organised flight test programme clears 5-6 test points in each test flight.

However, lack of coordination between ADA designers and the National Flight Test Centre (NFTC), which is headed by a senior IAF pilot, means this seldom happens. That has slowed the progress towards FOC.

“We will be lucky to obtain FOC by end-2019,” says an officer close to the Tejas project.”http://ajaishukla.blogspot.com/search/label/Private%20Sector?updated-max=2018-08-09T08:29:00%2B05:30&max-results=20&start=2&by-date=false

What can one conclude about the working of HAL, ADA and IAF? Are they working to meet this critical requirement of the country or the delay is the indicator of inefficiency with which these organisation work as habit? The government, prime minister, defence minister, ministry appears to be working as just observers and no say of their in this sordid affair. IAF is interested in buying a big number of similar fighters from US, Sweden or France. This delay of Tejas may continue till the final decision on import is made.

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Why should the shifting of the venue of the high-profile Aero India to Lucknow from Bengaluru be a controversy and that too political one? Why should Karnataka and its politicians ruling as well as others plead to stop this move that is aimed at inviting the industrial entrepreneurs in defence production to come in UP to take advantage of the second defence production corridor planned in UP after the first one in Tamilnadu? UP had been in laggard in industrial production and must get certain attractive events to allure the industrialists. The national growth planning must as much as possible balanced among the region. Let the politician shun this divisive calls in national interest and let there be no politics with the Aero India.

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Localisation of Defence Production

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Has finally the Indian Air Force (IAF), which has long opposed the large-scale induction of the Tejas Light Combat Aircraft (LCA), been given charge of manufacturing the Tejas in the Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) complex in Bengaluru? What will be the management scope? Will the chairman and managing director of HAL work for some IAF boss or will IAF informally look after only the factors causing delay in FOC or for speeding up the production or for cutting down the cost to reduce its price? Will IAF also be responsible for MK1A, MK 2, Tejas naval version, and development of country’s next fighter program — Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA) — a single-seat, twin-engine, canted twin-tail configuration, a stealthy all-weather multirole jet fighter? Feasibility study on AMCA and the preliminary design stage have been completed. But, the project awaits approval to begin airframe design, development, and finalization stage as the domestically manufactured Kaveri engine (an upgraded GTRE GTX-35VS Kaveri 90 kN in partnership with French engine-maker Snecma) is still going through developmental phases at the Gas Turbine Research Establishment (GTRE) in Bangalore.If someone has some information, please share.

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Made in India Defence Wares and its Acceptability: But for the policy and mindsets of the effective decision makers of IAF and Indian army, India could live with and depend on the home developed fighters, helicopters, tanks, artillery guns, missiles and weapons with very limited import, much lower than present 70%. Unfortunately, both IAF and Army don’t take pride in using India made machines and equipment or participate wholeheartedly with their developers and manufacturers in real time to avoid delays of integrating the developments they suggest or require. Like in every product manufacturing project, a high power project team of the best talents from the organisation involved with designs and development such as DRDO or its concerned research establishment, the manufacturing companies such as HAL or concerned Ordnance Factory, the IAF or Indian army as users, must be placed in a simultaneous manufacturing management team that sort out the issues related to the project in their areas without delay as and when it comes. This is the way today’s management in all sectors runs. But at present moment both IAF and Indian army start the process of their procurement with intention of importing the best wares getting built and available at the point of time with the most developed nations, be it USSR, France, UK, USA, South Korea, Japan, Israel or even China. With the sensitivity of defence, the political bosses yield. They project and show total lack of trust in locally manufactured wares. If pushed by ministry or minister, the procurement affair becomes a blame game or fight between the manufacturing units and user decision makers.Under this condition, it will be very difficult for India to grow as manufacturing of defence items.The government must ponder over it seriously. Both Tejas fighters and Arjun tanks have not gone in desired serial production for the above reasons. While India Army keep on ordering T-90 tanks, Indian Force is waiting to finalise the import order of single engine fighter from Boeing, Lockheed or Gripen before the FOC of Tejas.Let us fully understand that handing over of HAL, ADA of DRDO to IAF or Tank, artillery factories to India Army will be disastrous move. Interestingly,’the Indian Air Force (IAF), which has long opposed the large-scale induction of the Tejas Light Combat Aircraft (LCA)’

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@nsitharaman @narendramodi With all my 45 years in manufacturing, I and many will not like to put HAL and ADA under IAF. Flying aircraft and manufacturing are very different art and engineering. Don’t kill HAL, restructure it with talented consultant. Let IAF change its lust for all costly imported planes, otherwise India will never become a manufacturing nation.

HAL must have ADA as its R&D and prototyping unit and get into fast forward mode of development MK-II and then 5th and 6th generation fighters and its manufacturing keeping the cost under control. However, it must also work on development and manufacturing of right Kaveri engines in a separate plant with an independent R&D unit of its own. For sorting out the differences amicably, an accountable high power simultaneous engineering and management team must oversee execution of all new projects. The handing over of HAL, ADA or DRDO to IAF will kill the local manufacturing for ever. Let a better sense prevail in nation’s interest.

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HAL- Change of Hands:As reported in Hindu, HAL’s aircraft division will be headed by a serving three-star officer or an Air Marshal of the IAF, and effectively give the IAF control over the country’s indigenous LCA project. In addition, three institutions — Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA), Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE) and Gas Turbine Research Establishment (GTRE) — which are under the Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) are likely to be brought under the direct control of the Chief of the Air Staff. Thus, the entire development cycle of the LCA will have the IAF’s oversight and will ensure timely execution and prevent blame games over delays. This change may bring the speeding up of Tejas Fighter project. However, I don’t consider it as a right restructuring of HAL. It appears to be hasty decision against the norms of the best management practices. Will other laggard DPSUs also come under military rules? How technically sound is the hierarchy of IAF or armed forces to manage manufacturing and research organisations?

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A Welcome Collaboration of HAL: Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) successfully demonstrated flight of a 10 Kg Rotary Wing (Helicopter) Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (RUAV). The RUAV is developed in association with IIT Kanpur and is the first outcome of HAL’s tie-ups with academia. To achieve self reliance in the aviation field and to enhance its R&D efforts, HAL is working closely with premier educational institutes and has established chairs at IITs in Madras, Roorkee, Kharagpur, Bombay and Kanpur and IISc Bengaluru. HAL’s Rotary Wing R&D Centre (RWR&DC) is involved in design and development of rotary wing platforms for military and civil operations.

Advance Light Helicopter in its different variants (ALH-Dhruv, ALH-Rudra, ALH Wheeled version) is one of its star products and in service with the Indian defence forces. The Light Combat Helicopter is also designed and developed by this centre and is under production for the Indian Army and the Indian Air Force. The centre has now partnered with IIT-Kanpur to embark upon design and development of a rotary unmanned air vehicle for defence and para-military forces and homeland security.

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Some Good News about Tejas Fighters: As reported, the naval version of the indigenously built Tejas Light Combat Aircraft August 2, underwent a series of successful tests to check its capability to land on an aircraft carrier, “India has joined a select club of countries including US, Europe, Russia and China to have the capability to produce aircraft which can operate from an aircraft carrier.” The project was in abeyance for long time.

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Defence Production Potentials & Policy-My Views

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One more major government policy- the defence production policy (DPP-2018) for making India manufacturing hub, one of the top five manufacturers of military equipment and platforms in next 10 years, is coming next month. PTI reports. It aims to invest adequate resources to develop critical technology for manufacturing state-of-the-art military platforms including fighter jets, attack helicopters and weaponry indigenously for achieving a turnover of Rs 1.7 trillion (Rs 1,70,000 crore) in military goods and services by 2025.It can’t happen till the R&D centres e.g. ADA, DRDO; Manufacturing DPSUs or dockyards, ordnance factories;the hierarchy of defence forces-IAF, Indian Army and Navy; and the bureaucracy at ministry, run the way they have been running for ages. For every platform, there must be a platform CEO and a team of best talents for simultaneous engineering and management of the platform from key departments. For example, India would have been manufacturing its fighters and helicopters in serial production by now but for differences for IOC and FOC between ADA, HAL with IAF.India would have been producing all its missiles, weapons,artillery guns, tanks and FICVs. The same would have been the fate of various navy ships, submarines, and aircraft carriers.There is so much of prevailing pull and push for importing the best from whatever sources in the world at the costliest prices that the local platforms will never get matured and used in the shortest possible time. At least here we must go the Chinese way. In last four years, nothing has changed in the mindset of defence ministry and in the hierarchy of defence forces that can bring hope for the success of this forthcoming defence production policy-2018.https://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/govt-to-unveil-key-policy-next-month-to-make-india-hub-for-defence-manufacturing-118072900364_1.html

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Have The Defence Forces Given Up The India’s Own Missile System Akash, Prithvi, Agni, Brahmos For Imported Ones From Russia(Qrsam), France(Scalp,Meteor), Israel And, May Be Us? As Reported, ‘Truck-Mounted Canister Makes The Missile System Increase The Mobility Of The Missile System Ten Fold Over Akash Air Defence System And There Are Also Many Other Factors Which Hint That Qr-Sam Missile Will Be Game Changer Missile System For Indian Armed Forces And Will Be Bigger Success Then Akash Air Defence System.’What Happens To Our Stockpile? Has It Proven Drdo As Laggard With Little Proactive Researches? I Wish The Defence Forces Chose Our Own Missiles And The Responsibility Of Keeping Them The Most Lethal Is That Of Drdo And , May Bharat Dynamics.What Are The Self-Life Of Such Missiles? If Any One Knows……Will Scalp,Meteor Remain The Best Till India Receives All Rafale Fighters With A Time Gap Of 4-5 Years From Decision To Delivery?

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The offset cost built up of Rafale deal: While I wrote on the subject last week, I knowingly didn’t talk about the 50% offset amount -an amount of ₹45,000 crore according to Rahul Gandhi’s claim was going to Anil Ambani without any credentials of building aircrafts or fighters.Gandhi was seeing some scam in that.

As per one estimate, “In the case of the 36 Rafales, Dassault Aviation has to procure nearly Rs 30,000 crore worth of components and services from Indian industry.

1.Documents provided by Dassault Aviation indicate the Dassault-Reliance JV is just one of the 72 partnerships Dassault has forged with Indian industry.

2.Others who will contribute to offset include Snecma-HAL Aerospace for engine components, Samtel for multi-function cockpit displays, Godrej, Larsen & Toubro and Tata Advanced Systems.” The idea of the agreed offset is to get the wares or services from Indian sources that may not be related to the main deal order. The responsibility of getting the offset value from India sources is that of the OEM.As on today, there are considerable numbers of MSMEs that are manufacturing hardwares or provided services to aerospace sector such as Airbus and Boeing. TASL and Dynamatic Technologies are among the tier-I vendors

3.On October 27, 2017, Anil Ambani and Dassault CEO Eric Trappier laid the foundation stone for a new facility to produce parts of the Falcon business jets under Dassault Reliance Aerospace Limited (DRAL), a 51:49 joint venture between Dassault and Reliance Defence. The facility started commercial production of Dassault’s Falcon business jet cockpits in April this year.

4.The MoDs Defence Procurement Policy leaves the choice of offset partner to the OEM. No offset agreements in the Rafale deal have so far been communicated to the MoD. This is not unusual because under the offset policy, vendors or OEMs are permitted to provide details of their Indian Offset Partners (IOP) either at the time of seeking offset credits or one year prior to discharge of offset obligations .

Further, as reported in press, Anil Ambani group has setup The Dhirubhai Ambani Aerospace Park, spread over 289 acres, will be the largest greenfield aerospace park in India with a capital investment of over `6,500 crore. It is being developed in two phases.Reliance Group will set up assembly lines and manufacturing facilities of fixed wing aircraft aerostructure for commercial transport aircraft and helicopters for both defence and commercial use. The park will also house ancillary and component manufacturing units to support after-sales requirements.)https://www.indiatoday.in/magazine/the-big-story/story/20180806-the-rafale-dogfight-1296568-2018-07-27

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Do you know what India can manufacture for defence forces? Perhaps, everything. For army, Gun Carriage Factory, Jabalpur manufactures Dhanush-155 artillery guns, additionally Tata Power and Bharat Forge can also manufacture the similar artillery guns replacing Bofors guns. Mahindra is going to manufacture M777 Ultra-Light Howitzer (ULH)- a 155 mm, 39-calibre towed artillery gun made of titanium and aluminium alloys and weigh just four tonnes, making it transportable under slung by helicopters, with tie up of BAE, USA.In April 2017, Larsen & Toubro (L&T) and Hanwa Techwin of South Korea signed a contract to manufacture the K9 Vajra-T guns. K9 Vajra-T is a 155-mm, 52-calibre self-propelled artillery gun with a maximum range of 40 km. Thus there will be five companies in India that can supply now artillery guns better than Bofors. Ordnance Factory, Avadi manufactures army tanks, Arjun as well as Vishma.India can also produce all different types of rockets and missiles including BhahMos in collaboration with Russian for use by all three wings of forces.For navy, India can build all types of ships and even submarines and aircraft carriers including the nuclear powered ones.Besides DPSU shipbuilding docks, L&T has capacity and all facilities for ships of Indian Navy.For Indian airforce HAL can build fighters such 4.5 generation Tejas MK-I. Tejas aircraft will soon be integrated with Meteor EL/M 2052 AESA radar and high band jammer. Over the years, HAL can produce upgraded MK-II and then finally fifth generation AMCA. HAL can also build Tejas naval versions.An echosystem for manufacturing of LCA Tejas MK-1 is in place with a number of reliable vendors.HAL is using two production lines to manufacture Tejas and third one may be added to expedite production. HAL are also manufacturing different types of helicopters for all applications in defence forces.A large number of big and medium private companies are part of a large number of vendors that can supply every ware to defence needs. HAL must focus on Kaveri upgragation on its own or through foreign consultants to meet its current as well as future requirements.There is no reasons to import helicopters in large number. Even some private sector companies with some policy encouragement can build helicopters. However, one wonders why the ministry and forces are reluctant to give clearance to manufacture and buy from the indeginous sources and keep on going for import, about 70% of its total requirements. Because of the lethargy of our defence administrative system, a huge potential for export of defence items to friendly remains untapped.Raising issues such as changing specifications and adding features along the development process of the product must stop as that decelerates the process of freezing the design as usual practice and causing delay in systematic planned productionisation. Both Tejas fighters and Arjuna tanks are sordid examples of the approach. Otherwise what can be the reason of Tejas, the indigenous Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) missing yet another deadline of getting its final operational clearance (FOC) by June 2018? So was the case with hesitant acceptance of Arjuna Tank. Similarly, the six majo dockyards in DPSUs and private sectors can build all types of ships including submarines and aircraft carriers.The problems are with defence ministry and three forces that fail to provide leadership in the planning and execution of the projects.

http://www.indiandefencereview.com/news/tejas-delayed-is-it-by-design/ https://defenceupdate.in/how-tejas-aircraft-with-meteor-el-m-2052-and-high-band-jammer-will-be-a-game-changer-for-iaf/

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Do you know what India can manufacture for defence forces? Perhaps, everything. For army, Gun Carriage Factory, Jabalpur manufactures Dhanush-155 artillery guns, additionally Tata Power and Bharat Forge can also manufacture the similar artillery guns replacing Bofors guns. Mahindra is going to manufacture M777 Ultra-Light Howitzer (ULH)- a 155 mm, 39-calibre towed artillery gun made of titanium and aluminium alloys and weigh just four tonnes, making it transportable under slung by helicopters, with tie up of BAE, USA.In April 2017, Larsen & Toubro (L&T) and Hanwa Techwin of South Korea signed a contract to manufacture the K9 Vajra-T guns. K9 Vajra-T is a 155-mm, 52-calibre self-propelled artillery gun with a maximum range of 40 km. Thus there will be five companies in India that can supply now artillery guns better than Bofors. Ordnance Factory, Avadi manufactures army tanks, Arjun as well as Vishma.India can also produce all different types of rockets and missiles including BhahMos in collaboration with Russian for use by all three wings of forces.For navy, India can build all types of ships and even submarines and aircraft carriers including the nuclear powered ones.Besides DPSU shipbuilding docks, L&T has capacity and all facilities for ships of Indian Navy.For Indian airforce HAL can build fighters such 4.5 generation Tejas MK-I. Tejas aircraft will soon be integrated with Meteor EL/M 2052 AESA radar and high band jammer. Over the years, HAL can produce upgraded MK-II and then finally fifth generation AMCA. HAL can also build Tejas naval versions.An echosystem for manufacturing of LCA Tejas MK-1 is in place with a number of reliable vendors.HAL is using two production lines to manufacture Tejas and third one may be added to expedite production. HAL are also manufacturing different types of helicopters for all applications in defence forces.A large number of big and medium private companies are part of a large number of vendors that can supply every ware to defence needs. HAL must focus on Kaveri upgragation on its own or through foreign consultants to meet its current as well as future requirements.There is no reasons to import helicopters in large number. Even some private sector companies with some policy encouragement can build helicopters. However, one wonders why the ministry and forces are reluctant to give clearance to manufacture and buy from the indeginous sources and keep on going for import, about 70% of its total requirements. Because of the lethargy of our defence administrative system, a huge potential for export of defence items to friendly remains untapped.Raising issues such as changing specifications and adding features along the development process of the product must stop as that decelerates the process of freezing the design as usual practice and causing delay in systematic planned productionisation. Both Tejas fighters and Arjuna tanks are sordid examples of the approach. Otherwise what can be the reason of Tejas, the indigenous Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) missing yet another deadline of getting its final operational clearance (FOC) by June 2018? So was the case with hesitant acceptance of Arjuna Tank. Similarly, the six majo dockyards in DPSUs and private sectors can build all types of ships including submarines and aircraft carriers.The problems are with defence ministry and three forces that fail to provide leadership in the planning and execution of the projects.

http://www.indiandefencereview.com/news/tejas-delayed-is-it-by-design/ https://defenceupdate.in/how-tejas-aircraft-with-meteor-el-m-2052-and-high-band-jammer-will-be-a-game-changer-for-iaf/

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कुछ दिल की, कुछ दिमाग़ की-१

नीतीश कुमार अब पंद्रह या ज़्यादा साल से बिहार की गद्दी पर हैं और उनके पास अब कोई दूसरा बहाना नहीं है बिहार की चिरस्थायी बदहाली का. नीतीश ने कुछ सराहनीय क़दम उठाये जिसमें शराबबन्दी, दहेज और बाल बिबाह को समाप्त करने जैसी अच्छी नीतियाँ थीं. दुर्भाग्यवश इनको पूर्णत: सफल करने का रास्ता मज़बूत एवं अच्छी शिक्षा ब्यवस्था से गुज़रता है. इन चारों ध्येयों की सफलता के लिये प्रचार की ज़रूरत थी, राज्य के हर ब्यक्ति को समझने एवं समझाने की ज़रूरत थी.विशेषकर महिलाओं को, पिछड़े वर्ग के लोगों को, गाँव की जनता को अनौपचारिक ढंग से इन चारों ध्येयों की जानकारी देने की ज़रूरत थी. नीतीश को अपने सहपार्टियों के मज़बूत नेताओं, सभी राज्य कर्मचारियों के साथ साल के दो पखवाड़े घर घर जा इन विषयों पर उसी तरह चेष्टा करने की ज़रूरत थी जैसा वोट लेने के लिये वे करते हैं.प्रदेश के शिक्षकों और अभिभावकों से एक लम्बें एवं अन्तरंग वार्ता की ज़रूरत थी शिक्षा के स्तर को सुचारू करने की. स्कूली इंफ़्रास्ट्रक्चर, भवन, दोपहर का खाना, शौचालय अच्छी शिक्षा मिलने का गारण्टी नहीं है.हर शिक्षक को बच्चों को पढ़ने, पढानें में रूचि लेनी जरूरी है. सोचना होगा कमी कहाँ है कि दस दस साल तक हिन्दी, अंग्रेज़ी पढ़ने के बाद भी एक छात्र दस साल पढ़ने के बाद भी न भाषा बोल सकता है, न लिख सकता है, न पढ़ सकता है. किस तरह से हम इसको बदल सकते हैं. स्कूल आने में, रहने में कैसे बच्चे ख़ुशी महशूश करें? कैसे मिलजुल कर खेल खेल में ज्ञान अर्जन करें. कैसे हर तरह की किताबों को पढनें में रूचि बढ़े? भाषा की टेकस्टबुक्स की जगह ज़्यादा से ज्यादा उसी कक्षा के स्तर की अन्य भाषा में लिखीं किताबें पढ़े, जो अन्य बिषयों की आकर्षक ढंग से जानकारी दे? गाँव के स्कूलों में खेती के सामान्य ज्ञान दिया जाये मनोरंजन की तरह . बच्चे मोबाइल फ़ोनों से या टैबलेट से पढ़ना या अंकगणित करना सीखें. बिहार कैसे आगे आये शिक्षा में , हुनर में, अन्य उन्नत राज्यों की श्रेणी में या उनसे आगे? पर नीतिश को कहाँ समय है वोट और कुर्सी की राजनीति से जो केवल बरगलाने की कला में महारियत से मिल जाति है. महागठबंधन से भाजपा, और फिर से वापस अगर मीडिया की मानें…….इससे अच्छा है सभी सरकारी स्कूलों को बन्द कर दिया जाये या पूरी तरह प्राइवेट कर दिया जाये..

मैं और मेरी संगिनी किताबें: आजकल मैं दो किताबों में डूबा हूँ. सबेरे क़रीब घंटे भर तुलसीदास का रामचरितमानस मानस पढ़ता, समझता, मनन करता हूँ, फिर से, सन्यासी की तरह…यह लगातार चलता रहेगा पाँच बार तक. फिर भगवद्गीता लूंगां……यह होगा मेरा इन दोनों ग्रंथों को समझने का प्रयास……..दूसरी किताब बहुत बड़ी है क़रीब आठ सौ पन्नों की,पर आधुनिक इतिहास है रामचन्द्र गुहा की India After Gandhi. यह उस काल का इतिहास है जो हमारे समय में घटित हुआ है- देश की आज़ादी के समय मैं आठ साल का था.कलकत्ता के दंगों एवं उस समय के हालात के बहुत पक्षों से मैं अनभिज्ञ था.१९५२ में देश के प्रथम साधारण चुनाव के समय मैं ७-८ कक्षा में था बिरलापुर विद्यालय में. बिरला जूट के उप जेनेरल मैनेजर महावीर प्रसाद जैन कांग्रेस से संसद का चुनाव लड़ रहे थे, दादाजी को शिक्षकों में से इस काम के लिये चुना गया था. विद्यार्थी वालन्टियर्स में मैं भी था. जैन साहब की प्रचार के लिये पहले नेहरूजी और फिर जगजीवन राम थोड़ी दूर के कालीपुर मिल के मैदान में भाषण देने आये थे, हम भी गये थे कुछ छात्रों के साथ. मैंने दादाजी से जगजीवन राम के भाषण की सराहना की थी,पर नेहरूजी का भाषण अति सामान्य था.डा. श्यामा प्रसाद मुखर्जी की कश्मीर में मृत्यु के समाचार से दादाजी बड़े दुखी हुये थे. प्रेसीडेन्सी xकालेज में पढ़ते समय डां राजेन्द्र प्रसाद आये थे. इडेन हिन्दू हॉस्टेल में वे जब आये तो उनसे बात भी हुई थी. १९६१ में हम हिन्दमोटर में काम करने लगे. तभी चीन का आक्रमण और नेहरू के सिद्धान्तों की शर्मनाक हार हुई थी. अब पता चल गया होगा कि राम चन्द्र गुहा की पुस्तक क्यों रूचि ले पढ़ रहा हूँ ….उस समय काल को जिया हूँ तो समझने में सरलता है. बहुत ब्यक्तियों के बारे बहुत जानकारी उस समय के परिस्थियाँ का ज्ञान, फिर अपना विश्लेषण चलता है पढ़ते पढ़ते और चलता रहेगा, अभी तो केवल ३४५ पेज ही पढ़ पाया हूँ..पर नेहरू की छवि देश को सम्मान नहीं दिला सकी, वल्कि अनादि काल के लिये लज्जित किया…………. कुछ ज़्यादा बाद कभी….

वर्तमान सरकार को दो जाँच-आयोग ज़रूर गठन करने चाहिये स्वतंत्रता के बाद के दो मृत्यु के बारे में. यह जरूरी है कि लोग जाने कि डा. श्यामा प्रसाद मुखर्जी की कश्मीर के जेल में अचानक मृत्यु का असली कारण क्या था. डा. मुखर्जी राजनीति के अलावा भी एक गणमान्य शिक्षाविद थे,कलकत्ता विश्वविद्यालय के उपकुलपति एवं नेहरू के अन्तरिम मंत्रिमंडल में सहभागी मंत्री थे. साथ ही वे बंगाल के महान ब्यक्ति डा. अाशुतोष मुखर्जी के बेटे थे, जिनको बंगाल का बच्चा बच्चा आज भी जानता है. आख़िर नेहरू ने डा. मुखर्जी के प्रति ऐसा रवैया क्यों अपनाया कि उनकी मां,योगमाया देवी का उनके मरने के बाद के जाँच के अनुरोध के लिये लिखे पत्र का उत्तर देना भी उचित नहीं समझा.ऐसी ही ज़रूरत लाल बहादुर शास्त्री की तासकन्द में हुये मृत्यु के कारण के जाँच की भी है.ये दोनों मृत्यु आज भी बहुतों को एक सोची समझी साजिस की तरह लगती है. यह आज के सरकार का दायित्व बनता है कि इन शंकाओं का उचित समाधान ज़िम्मेदार जाँच समिति द्वारा कराया जाये.

यह अब कोई छिपी बात नहीं है कि मिडीया एवं बिरोधी दल देश के हर घटना को मोदी के नाम के साथ जोड़ने और उसका बिरोध करने में ब्यस्त है.आज का एक समाचार था बहराइच के एक राजा सुहेलदेव के बारे में. अमिस त्रिवेदी की कोई इसी नाम से किताब आ रही है. राजनीतिक दल कोई उनको दलित सम्प्रदाय का और कुछ अन्य उन्हें अन्य पिछड़ी जाति का बताने में लगे हैं. ऐसी प्रयत्नों को मिडीया को कोई बढ़ावा नहीं देना चाहिये. मैं तो कहूँगा ऐसी बातें समाचार को बननी ही नहीं चाहिये भारत हित में. पर बिचार की स्वतंत्रता के नाम पर लोगों में बिद्वेश फैला सभी बात को राजनीति एवं वोट से जोड़ा जाने लगा है. मिडीया हर विवादपूर्ण घटनाओं का बिस्तृत बयान कर अपना ब्यवसायिक उल्लू सीधा करना चाहता है.ऐसी ही एक घटना २०१४ में अशोक महान को कुसवाहा जाति का बता कर किया गया था. कब ब्यक्ति का परिचय केवल नाम से होने लगेगा जाति से नहीं.

अभी हाल की राजनीति सरगर्मियाँ एक संकेत ज़रूर दे रहीं है कि भाजपा को रोकने या हराने के लिये कांग्रेस एक नई महागठबंधन की रणनीति से काम कर रही है. 2014 में कांग्रेस ने अपने सहयोगियों के लिए सिर्फ 76 सीटें छोड़ी थीं. 464 पर खुद लड़ी थी. लेकिन इस बार कांग्रेस उत्तर प्रदेश, बिहार, बंगाल, तमिलनाडु, झारखंड, असम, आंध्र प्रदेश में जूनियर पार्टनर की भूमिका में चुनाव लडऩे के लिए खुद को तैयार कर रही है.अगर सभी दल सभी राज्यों में इसके लिये तैयार हो जायेंगे तो कांग्रेस का फ़ायदा हो सकता है और उसे ४४ से बहुत ज़्यादा सीटें मिल सकती हैं, अगर कोई बहुत बड़ी ग़लती न हो जाये या हवा का रूख पूरी तरह मोदी की तरफ़ न हो जाये.

कुछ महीने पहले तमिलनाडु प्रदूषण नियंत्रण बोर्ड ने थूतूकुडी के स्टरलाइट काॅपर की फ़ैक्टरी में उत्पादन बंद करने के आदेश दिए. क्या वह देश हित में निर्णय है?क्यों कोई हज़ारों करोड़ का निवेस करेगा, अगर भीड़ एवं आन्दोलन सभी किये कराये को मटियामेट करने में सक्षम हो जायेंगे ?स्थानीय लोगों का विरोध क्या किसी बिदेशी या देश की अन्य स्वार्थी ब्यक्ति या संस्थान के षड्यंत्र का अनकहा, अनजाना हिस्सा नहीं हो सकता है? देश दुनिया मे जो दूसरे कॉपर की फ़ैक्टरियों के संयत्रण है उनसे यह फ़ैक्टरी किस तरह अलग थी? चूँकि यह तकनीकि मामला है देश का कोर्ट एक्सपर्ट की सहायता से सठीक निर्णय तो ले ही सकता है. पर वह अन्तिम निर्णय सब दलों को मान्य होना चाहिये. भीड़ की संख्या या उसके तोड़फोड़ की शक्ति पर निर्णय आश्रित नहीं होना चाहिये.सरकार को केवल कोर्ट के आदेश के अनुसार ही आदेश देने की आज़ादी है.

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Noida Authority and Ad hoc Projects

For last four years or so, most in F-Block would have seen or heard about at least two-three major projects of real interest coming up that can make the life of residents better in many ways.

1. Community Centre or Barat Ghar or for some ‘Club’ in plot along with the Meghdootam Park:The 4.67 crore glass-paned high roof building is almost ready. For such huge investment, all details as it would look and function after the final stage, would have been in place before the start of use by the intended beneficiaries. Recently I happened queried the security guard of the place about the status. He retorted, “ Sir,I just look after a Kuttakhana. There are a dozen or more of stray dogs, (may be few bitches too to keep on adding continuously to numbers).”

2. In reality, the huge project can hardly be considered complete.The building, as designed,must be fully air conditioned, otherwise in Noida climate, it will be only an oven in summer. Perhaps, it is still not there in the plan of Noida Authority. NA must be thinking of handing it over in winter so that the people would realise the problem only after 4-5 months.

3. For convenience of disabled, while there is a ramp built for ground floor, a lift from ground floor for reaching the first floor is missing. How can a public place be made out of reach for senior citizens and Divyangs?

4. Two bodies of residents claiming for taking over the administration of the building have also not come out with a road map. As I suggested in a write up earlier, the first floor can be made into an excellent modern library for kids, youths and senior citizens with entertainment corners for kids, a kitty corner for women and another for senior citizens with provision for a contracted canteen.However, we don’t know if NA would agree. From Amrapali Eden Eden Park I can arrange two selves of good books for the library. I am sure other complexes can also contribute in the same way. However, NA will have to agree to appoint a qualified good librarian.

5. And with the expenditure of approx R 5 crore already incurred, every day the authority is loosing Rs 10,000 at least as interest on expenditure.But who and why should one bother about it?

6. RCC Covering of the Nalla on side of sector 50 along the 4-lane road between sector 50-51 started coming up as another welcome project:The project cost must be in crores. I imagine certain benefits coming out- less of stinks from the stagnant water and filth in it. The gas refilling of air conditioners in residences will reduce as claimed by some. Less of Mosquitos can be presumed.I wonder how the filth would be removed, whether manually or mechanically from left out openings.For last few months, the work on it was going on, but recently I found that it has stopped. But we all will certainly wish that NA must forbid painting all sorts of ads on the sidewall and stop the coming up many stalls causing visual torture and physical pollution for the residents of communities.

3. Medanta Hospital near Metro station: A large plot is lying barricaded for the hospital that would have certainly eased the medical requirements for residents around it. As it happened with the plot of central market near the Jain temple, it is not known if the project is on or off.

Will the Fora claiming to work for the locality and hoping to take the reign, take the issues with NA?

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