गांधी जयन्ती और स्वच्छ भारत

आज नोयडा के मेघदूतम् पार्क में बरिष्ठ नागरिकों ने एक सफ़ाई अभियान का आयोजन किया । आश्चर्य यह था कि पार्क पहले से ही काफ़ी साफ़ था। देश में ‘स्वच्छ भारत’ अभियान का कुछ असर दिखाई देने लगा है । यह एक अभियान देश को बहुत आगे ले जा सकता है और देश की दुनिया में छवि बदल सकता है। मैंने आज एक कबिता पाठ किया पार्क में उपस्थित लोगों के सामने:

एक आह्वान

आज देश तैयार खड़ा है
रचने को नूतन इतिहास
एक नया नेतृत्व दे रहा
जुड़ने का अन्तिम आह्वान
सब बाधाएँ तोड़ देश को
प्रथम पंक्ति में आना है
और मुखौटे पहने जो हैं
उन्हें सामने लाना है
जाने सब
वे कौन शत्रु हैं
जिनसे देश बचाना है
समर एक आख़िरी सामने
माँग रहा थोड़ा बलिदान
क्षणिक स्वार्थ को छोड़
जुड़े हम और करें श्वेदों का दान
आओ मिल कर आज बढ़े हम
करें सफल अद्भुत अभियान

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Bihar: Two Rural Issues

Bihar is getting a torrential flood of promises of all types, 24×7 power, piped water, housing for all, hike in salaries, confirmations of the jobs and what not. But the question is with the Nitish Kumar’s speed of development how many years Bihar will take to be in league of leading states? I have two more relevant dreams for Bihar. Will the new government ensure that?
A. Rural Enterprises
I wish some younger entrepreneurs start thinking about intensively for creating a large number of new entrepreneurship projects in rural region of the state. Every village must grow as a manufacturing enterprise.
1. Talents of the young girls who come to a village after marriage with certain already trained skills such as stitching apparels or different items for household uses including cheap sanitary towels, or for knitting sweaters, or making stuffed toys can be exploited to create extra earnings for the families.
2. The Panchayats can be persuaded for getting the school buildings or the panchayat house for opening a skill centre, and schools such Usha Silai Schools can be sponsored with a sole objective of starting a cooperative business.
3. Other enterprises for young men such as maintenance services for agriculture machines to electronic gadgets can also have potential.
4. Every village can have some tutors engaged for providing tuitions to students of different levels, some even helping for getting distant education for higher level courses. With gradual increase in earnings and increasing interest in education, many parents will be able to pay for this.
5. Another attractive area may be small scale home based food processing such as pickles or satoos or some traditional seasonal snacks.
There can be hundred of ideas for creating jobs and it will be in national interests that graduates of engineering and management schools are roped to carry out the feasibility studies and suggest ways and means to create non- agricultural work in rural region.
6. One such idea is certainly for the graduates in agricultural sciences. Can’t they think of opening low cost advisory or technical assistance services for the farmers to improve their yield and earnings?
7. A similar service may engage some trained young persons for various healthcare services.
8. A weekly market in every panchayat may create opening for selling home grown vegetables and other eatables.
With the fast social changes coming in villages, many requirements of the people living there will need many services requiring some enterprises. The government must ensure a 24×7 electricity for the rural enterprises to be better in productivity and competitiveness.

B. Rural Schools
I wish to donate some money sufficient to put some digital aids, such as a PC or a smart blackboard or a TV set and good reading materials for the children in the school library and reading room. No one is ready to take it rather can take it. Unfortunately, under Nitish era, a large number of school buildings got upgraded, but hardly some have a boundary wall and security with gate and guard good enough to have the security of the property of the school. Unfortunately, it is not planned as a required item. Most of the schools are in the outskirts of the villages and open for vandalism. One can hardly keep something useful for aiding education and impart knowledge in interesting manner. Will the community or the government ensure the security of the school and employ a full time guard that can live in one corner of the campus? Unfortunately, the headmaster of the school has hardly some autonomy to take even the required donations for various activities that can improve the learning of the students unlike that by the government schools in US, where the parents are requested to contribute as per their means.

Will the government make each panchayat accountable to see that all the children up to the age of 14 compulsorily attend school or a skill centre, and will the government add a skill centre to every school for this? Will the government first retrain the persons, both male and female with some skills of the village and use them to provide elementary skills to the kids in the schools? Will an educationally qualified adult or a retired teacher be employed to mentor the kids of the village by starting study circles in each tolla of different castes for tutoring to make the kids interested in reading, writing and maths? It is essential to promote a culture for good education in the parents and the community. A continuous and effective dialogue between teachers and the villagers is essential to make the society conscious of the role of education for better quality of life.

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Bihar Needs New Leader throwing out the old ones

Let me start with a story ‘How Nitish, Sonia, and Lalu failed to solve the menace of Kosi that would have been a priority’. I quote from an article that appeared in Business Standard:

“Way back in 1953, then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru appealed to fellow citizens to contribute generously to the PM National Relief Fund. The reason: the Kosi river, “which has misbehaved so often in the past”, had caused “unprecedented floods” in parts of Bihar. The damage, at the time, was estimated at Rs 21 crore. And the cost of relief and rehabilitation was in excess of Rs 2 crore.So moved was Nehru at the plight of people in the flood ravaged areas that he had decided to do something to tame the river. The Central Water Commission was asked to carry out a study and come up with a long-term solution. The Commission had suggested building a high dam at an estimated cost of nearly Rs 150 crore. However, the cost was found to be beyond the affordable limit. The scarce resources available then – India was still emerging from British rule – were to be used judiciously and the case of Bhakra Nangal Dam was found to be stronger. The Kosi dam project, therefore, had to be shelved and Bihar was deprived of its own Bhakra Nangal.” Why could not Sonia, who has suddenly become concerned about Bihar’s development, helped to get over this perennial problem of Bihar by asking Manmohan government to take up the project again and that too seriously? Why in 25 years of Lalu or Nitish didn’t move to get that Kosi Dam started to save the upheaval of human mass every year in the region?

Lalu, who claims himself the sole heir of Yadubansi and Krishna could have made Bihar the topmost milk producing state, ahead of Gujarat. It would not have required any assistance from the outside or great technical assistance or investment while providing extra earning to every family. Has Lalu any excuse for not doing that? Does Lalu know that with the increasing demand, India the top producer of milk in the world will in few years have to become a net importer of milk. Nitish could have at least done this to take people out of poverty, but he also failed. I doubt if they are concerned about the poor of Bihar. They have kept Bihar poor to remain in its driving chair for years to serve their own selfish motives.

Lalu as Railway minister got the cabinet sanction for setting up two Railway Projects that could transform Bihar into a manufacturing state if executed efficiently: 1. an electric locomotive production facility, a joint venture, in Madhepura, with an investment outlay of Rs 22,000 crore, and 2. a Rs 20,000-crore diesel locomotive factory at Marhora. Nothing much happened over last ten years. Neither Lalu with all his nearness to Sonia Gandhi nor Nitish could follow it up over last ten years for getting them implemented. Fortunately, recently the projects appears to be moving ahead. The French major Alstom has emerged as the lowest bidder for the production of electric locomotives in Madhepura.The financial bid for the Marhora diesel locomotive plant may be going to GE. With the right imagination and understanding between centre and state leadership, it can change the industrial landscape of the regions of Bihar with possibility of many vendors setting up their own manufacturing shops. Why Nitish could not prioritise these projects for these manufacturing plants and pursue it with the centre? Can’t he appreciate the importance of these projects? Why could get more and more ITIs for the youths of Bihar who will be readily available for manning these projects?

Bihar could have become a major state for IT and ITeS sector that could have upgraded the economy of the state. Lalu never believed in the potentials of these sectors. Nitish as an engineer by qualification could have certainly gone more aggressively for attracting the entrepreneurs in setting up the shops, but in last ten years of his rule hardly any significant progress has happened. The sector requires technical talent. Bihar could not get the higher education sector established as other states such as Tamil Nadu, Andhra, Karnataka, and even UP have done it. Most of the Biharis go for their higher education outside the state and get employed in those states, perhaps in thousands every year. Why did Nitish, himself an engineer failed to get IT biggies in Bihar when they were freely choosing other destinations in India from Bhuwaneswar to Noida and Mohali?

In the big grand alliance rally Nitish again stated, “We will create a Bihar where people dont leave Bihar to find opportunities, but people come here.”: Who will believe Nitish Kumar or Lalu to make the future Bihar uncertain again for the next five years?

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Nitish Kumar:Why I don’t like him anymore (continued)

I have been reading that ‘Babur’s grandson, Akbar, planted the “Lakh Bagh”, a mango orchard containing one lakh trees in Darbhanga, Bihar.’ What happened to that? Shershah and his sons built a number monuments that could have attracted thousands of tourists. Why didn’t it happen? A number of young technocrats open enterprises in Bihar, but none could scale it up to be a known entity in India. Why couldn’t Bihar create entrepreneurs in a large number? What is that for which I must like Nitish Kumar? Here is another listing of reasons that I don’t like Nitish Kumar who could have performed much more when he had full opportunity. But then he decide to break the very well performing alliance just for his personal ego, as he could not become the prime ministerial candidate of Election 2014. Here are some more:

@ Nitish Kumar humiliated Modi without any reason except for just pleasing the minority. And his lust for power has taken him to Sonia Gandhi and Lalu who have just one objective- to keep the power in the family. Even today, many doubt if Lalu will provide unconditional support to Nitish, as it is very clear from his utterances such as “When the BJP left him, he came to me. I made him CM. Humne inko bana diya.”

@ Nitish Kumar doesn’t know how to dream and think big for transforming Bihar into a developed and respected state. Perhaps he lacks that capability. Nitish Kumar has wasted his 10 years of rule and could not implement any worth mentionable project such as Mayawati’s Yamuna Expressway or Akhilesh Yadav’s Agra-Lucknow Expressway that will also be extended up to Ballia. Nitish Kumar could have connected the East-West corridor to Delhi-Kolkata GQ with a 4- or 6- lane highway. And then I could hardly find the promised industrial projects listed in large number on Bihar website in the ten year run of Nitish Kumar getting implemented.

@ Nitish Kumar though a product of JP movement had hardly the desired respect for JP Narayan or for that matter Dr. Rajendra Prasad. He hardly did anything noticeable to perpetuate their memories, as the caste of these great men does not own a great vote bank.

@ Nitish Kumar could not take any reformative step and corrective measure. Even today Bihar loses a whopping 54 per cent electricity that is either “stolen or lost”.

@ In Bihar, the state government records show that there are about 40 million people in the age group of 15 to 29 years of which less than 1 per cent had some sort of formal vocational training. Bihar exports its greatest human resources to all parts of India from Kashmir to Kerala to just humiliating menial jobs there as he can’t provide even that in Bihar.

@ Bihar can easily be the leader of the second green revolution of India. Nitish has not done anything significant to encourage the farmers to diversify in high-earning agriculture produces such as vegetables and fruits from its most fertile land or poultry and animal husbandry as resorted to by many states. Its productivity of agriculture produce is still lower, though Nitish Kumar kept on talking about the record per hectare production of paddy and potato. Nitish hardly took up any great irrigation project.

@Bihar is the third most illiterate state with 43.85 per cent population falling in that category. The quality of education at primary and secondary level in rural Bihar is just dismal. The kids come to the schools to have only their midday meal. Adult education has just vanished. Does it not cast a shadow on the effectiveness of the initiatives of chief minister Nitish Kumar in promoting education in rural areas?

@ The presence of non-agricultural enterprises in rural households is about 1.67%, minimal in Bihar.The meagre size of the registered non agriculture sector in rural areas indicates the inability to tap into the non-agriculture potential of the rural sector. Only with the large number of migrants poring money in Bihar, 6.9% of the households has members earning more than Rs 10,000 a month in Bihar.

@ Why does Bihar not appear with significant progress in e-governance as attained by other states? And many good things started get mired because the lack of maintenance, such as free Wi-Fi zone, multi-level parking, ghat beautification or the so talked of road along the Ganga.

@ The election campaign will be around the development one of Nitish Brand and the other will be the development associated with Modi. How will Lalu clan fit in the mission? Nitish will have to take all three– two sons and one daughter in his cabinet and allocate to them whatever portfolio they will seek, if they win.

@ Nitish Kumar can become tech savvy for winning election, but he hardly did anything to connect the schools digitally. Government teachers in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Uttarakhand are using WhatsApp groups to exchange knowledge and ideas with each other. The Karnataka Open Educational Resources platform is enabling teachers to create digital content. Why can’t the same is possible in Bihar? Nitish Kumar did hardly invest in training for teachers and school leaders in the effective use of technology.
As I understand Nitish Kumar has got the assistance of a team of 300 technocrats from IITs and IIMs for his election campaign. I wish after the election Nitish deploys them to 300 Panchayats to create action plans for improving the economic condition of the poor there and move ahead accordingly.

@ Nitish Kumar would have at least learnt from his new friend Kejriwal and done something significant in rural health care. Is it not a necessity to have a good dispensary with an ambulance in each panchayat with remote villages? I keep myself in contact with at least some villages in Bihar. When in those villages, I have discussed the necessity of a dispensary too. In none of those villages there is anything related to the public health in last so many years.

@ Nitish Kumar could hardly change the poor situation of open defecation in the state that causes many problems.Open defecation raises the risk of low birth weight, pre-term births and spontaneous abortions.Irrespective of household income levels, pregnant women without access to toilets at home were twice more likely to experience adverse pregnancy outcomes – pre-term births, low birth weight babies, foetal loss, or stillbirths – than women who had toilets.

I shall like to end with two statements from two well-wishers of Bihar in a recent conference on ‘Resurgent Bihar’:
1.”Rather than asking for votes by knocking on the doors, the JDU should ask whether schools and hospitals opened in the areas concerned. Instead of launching 160 Parivartan Raths, the BJP should have rolled out ambulances or Shiksha Raths. Today’s voters cannot be fooled by false promises,” said Anand Kumar Super 30, Patna .
2.”Bihar is far behind the national average in the sector of health education and quality of life. Resurgence of Bihar is not happening in agriculture and industrial sectors as well, nor in the villages,” Suraj Kumar, Chief Mentor, Neeti Foundation

I don’t like Nitish Kumar because he is too much political and he has not worked aggressively to take Bihar in the league of developed states.

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Make-in-India: Mobile Phones

If the media reports can be believed, many Indian and globally reputed companies will soon make India a phone manufacturing powerhouse. Announcement from Foxconn that wants to open 10-12 manufacturing facilities in India by 2020, is certainly a great news for electronics sector. However, the telecom ministry must facilitate it.

Here are the specific progress report of Make-in-India in mobile handsets.

1. Dixon Technologies (I) Pvt. Ltd. that makes TVs, set-top boxes, DVD players, washing machines and induction cookers for top multinationals such as LG Electronics, Philips, Panasonic and Toshiba, is now setting up a handset factory in Noida with an initial investment of Rs 25 crore to make 700,000 units a month, and will start manufacturing in August.

2. Karbonn Mobile India Pvt. Ltd. that gets manufactured mobile handsets in China, plans to open an assembly line in Noida, to add another in Bengaluru and and then to start a factory in Hyderabad over the next 12 months.

3. Indian handset brand Celkon has opened its first manufacturing facility in Telangana’s Medchal Industrial Estate.

4. Videocon group would start manufacturing mobile handsets at its Salt Lake facility near Kolkata in a few months’ time.

5. Micromax, India’s second-largest phone maker, has started a plant at Rudrapur in Uttarakhand and is planning investments in Telangana, Rajasthan and Maharashtra.

6. Lava has so far invested Rs 50 crore to build a facility in Noida to assemble one million units a month. A second unit, with an investment of Rs 1,200 crore and a capacity of 10 million units a month, is on the drawing board.

7. Spice Mobility is investing Rs 500 crore in Noida to build a facility it says will be up and running by the next quarter.

And at the top of all, even Mukesh Ambani promises to enter phone manufacturing, if one is to believe his announcement at the launching of Digital India, where he said,”Reliance Industries will make an investment of over Rs. 250,000 crore in the digital space, including rollout of wireless broadband infrastructure and manufacturing of mobile handsets.”

And now even globally reputed companies in the sector are not far behind to make for the huge Indian market in India.

1. Samsung that has been manufacturing in India since 2006, has spent more than Rs 500 crore to add capacity at its plant in Noida.

2. HTC has finalised its `Make in India’ plans. The Taiwanese premium smartphone maker has entered into an agreement with Global Devices Network, which set up a manufacturing and assembling unit three months ago in Noida, to make the handsets on contract.

3. Japanese electronics giant Sony is all set to make in India, though the products will be contract-manufactured at Taiwanese maker Foxconn’s upcoming facilities in the country.

4. Chinese electronics major Lenovo is looking at the possibility of setting up a manufacturing unit for smartphones and tablets in India.

5. Foxconn Technology Group, the world’s biggest contract manufacturer, will begin its second leg of manufacturing in India by producing Xiaomi smartphones in a leased a facility in Sri City in southern part of Andhra Pradesh.

6. South Korean handset maker LG Electronics is looking to start manufacturing of smartphones in India once it gets to a 10% market share, which it estimates could be achieved by December.

7. Foxconn Technology is in talks to manufacture Apple Inc.’s iPhone in India in a move that could lower prices in the world’s No.3 smartphone market

8. Chinese phone maker Gionee plans a full-fledged factory over the next three years. Another Chinese handset maker, OPPO Mobiles will also soon announce plans to make in India.

Foxconn’s announcement is the most interesting development.

Foxconn (the company that’s most famous for manufacturing the iPhone) CEO Terry Gou has bigger plans that may help the sector to grow as global player. He has recently said, “(Foxconn) we will work with local brands and help them with design, and manufacture components locally, so that Indian brands can also start to export, right now India does not export.”

Naturally, most of these facilities, to start with, will be that for assembly operation. With the advantage of much cheaper labour, India will have some advantage. But for making India a significant player in mobile phone manufacturing, if the units for manufacturing components such as processors, cameras and touch screens must get setup soon. And the big manufacturers such as Sony, Samsung or Foxconn will have to allure component manufacturers to establish their plants in the electronics clusters, as Suzuki Maruti helped the growth of auto component sector.

The operation of the cell manufacturing companies will have to be cost competitive and commercially viable. Let us look at that.

“In 2011, KPMG compared India and China’s competitiveness in handset manufacturing. The landed cost of materials, it assumed, would be 10 per cent lower for the Chinese. While an Indian manufacturer would have to import 80 per cent components, the figure for a Chinese company would be only five per cent. Chinese labour, according to KPMG, was 1.8 times more productive. Power costs were 20 to 30 per cent lower while water was 30 to 35 per cent cheaper in China. These ensured that a mid-sized Chinese manufacturer with a capacity to make 20 million units a year would have a profit margin of nine per cent. For the Indian company, the figure would be 2.6 per cent.”

India will have to improve its labour productivity. The cost of finance, power and water must come down and be lower than other competing Asian countries such Vietnam. It must not be difficult. For record, Vietnam produced mobiles worth over Rs 2.5 lakh crore in 2014/15, that is 12 times more than what India produced. China makes phones worth 60 times more.

With only 68% of Indian rural households owning cell phones that too only the cheaper one and the urban Indians aspiring to promote to smart phones, the potential market in India is huge.

As Ravi Shankar Prasad wishes , “India will emerge as a parallel production hub to China for global markets in electronics manufacturing as the government shifts attention to boost the making of sophisticated, high-technology products in the country.”

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Finding Zero: Indian or Old Khmer

I have just finished a book ‘Finding Zero’ by Amir D. Aczel. It has been a real interesting reading about the re-discovery of the earliest zero of our system we have ever found.

A French scholar named George Coedès discovered a rock piece with inscription in the nineteenth century at Trapang Prei, site of Sambor On Mekong in Cambodia. It was from the seventh century, pre-Angkor period. Coedès first translated the inscription from Old Khmer into French and published in 1931. He assigned an identifying label K-127 to the rock carrying inscription. The inscription clearly bore the date 605 in an ancient calendar that began in the year A.D. 78. Its date was thus A.D. 683. This inscription bears the earliest zero numeral ever discovered.

Interestingly another zero that is one year younger than one on K-127, thus dating from AD 684, was found near Palenbang, Indonesia. This zero was two centuries older than the Gwalior Zero.

Gwalior Zero is a circle inscribed at Chatur-bhuja (Vishnu) temple in Gwalior, India, dating to the ninth century, had been widely considered the oldest version of zero in our system, the Hindu-Arabic. There is an inscription in the temple in Sanskrit on the wall of the temple that records that it was built in the year 933 of a calendar whose starting point was 57BCE. So the year the temple was built was 876CE. The numerals 933 used here are surprisingly similar to our modern numbers. The inscription also records that the land grant for the temple had a length of 270 ‘hastas’. The 0 in 270 is the oldest zero that can be seen in India today. So by 876 CE, the Indians had the crucially important use of a place-holding zero at their disposal I a number system that from our modern vantage point was perfect. Their system would have enabled them to compute in a powerful,efficient, and unambiguous way.

But K-127 disappeared during the Khmer Rouge’s rule of terror, when more than 10,000 artifacts were deliberately destroyed. The book is the story how Amir rediscovered K-127 in Cambodia. And finally got it placed in its national museum. Amir also explains how ancient Indian philosophy of ‘sunyata’ and ‘anant’ would have influenced the origin of zero.

After closely examining the two inscriptions, one can observe that while Gwalior Zero is similar to the zero we write today, Khmer zero is only a dot that is more similar to the present day decimal point.

One can easily understand that the zero in both cases must have been invented and used years or century before those numbers were inscribed on the stone slabs both in India as well as Cambodia. With almost all the knowledge of the ancient mathematics and philosophy moving from India to all the southeastern Asian countries, it will be injustice to deny giving the credit for the invention and use of zero to ancient India’s mathematicians.

While reading the book, I always pondered if the government and the intellectuals of India could have done hundred times more to restore the strong link that Indians had over the region expanding from Bali to Korea in North. I also wonder if some researcher or the members of Indian Historical Research. one day would find some earlier zero in undivided Indian mainland.

India must also try to get the dates of the Bakhsahali manuscript agreed to find the ownership of the first available zero India was the first to discover zero. The Bakhshali Manuscript is an Ancient Indian mathematical manuscript written on “birch bark” which was found near the village of Bakhshali in 1881 in what was then the North-West Frontier Province of British India (now Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, in Pakistan).The Bakhshali manuscript, which is currently too fragile to be examined by scholars, is currently housed in the Bodleian Library at the University of Oxford and is too fragile to be examined by scholars.

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Nitish Kumar: Why I don’t like him anymore?

Nitish Kumar after working for a year or two for some low hanging items of development, went into full electioneering mode with a single objective of keeping the chief ministership of Bihar safe for himself by be-fooling the most illiterate, ignorant and backward people of the least developed state of the country. Nitish is no more a person focused for the growth and development of Bihar and eradication of its poverty.

@. Nitish has allied with family run parties such as Lalu’s RJD and Sonia’s Congress, both corrupt and with no faith in developmental politics.

@. Nitish will have to be casteist in company of Lalu, becoming messiah of Mahadalits, Muslims with Yadavs . Lalu might have agreed to have Nitish as CM but if he wins sufficient number of his own MLAs, he will certainly push out Nitish and run his own agenda. It will affect development and governance. It is not at all a natural alliance. The alliance hardly have faith in making Bihar a strong developed state.

@. Nitish from day one of his era has planned and worked to keep himself in the driving seat of the state. He kept on going on yatras all over the state with that single objective. He never talked about the improvement required in social setups and weaknesses of individual Biharis to improve the image of Bihar and its hardworking people.

@. Nitish certainly did a good work on law and order as well as road construction. But it became noticeable as the previous governments under Lalu and Rabri had created a ‘jungle raj’, and the situation had touched rock bottom.

@. Nitish could not promote any other city but Patna. Even Patna didn’t see the development that other capitals of Indian states have achieved. Gaya, Muzzafarpur, Bhagalpur, Darbhanga could have been improved to much better status. Gaya could certainly become a city of international attraction with an international airport linking SE Asian Budhhist countries.

@. Nitish could have encouraged yoga all over through the educational institutes through reputed Munger school of yoga. Instead he finds satisfaction by criticising Modi for getting Yoga an international event.

@. Nitish hardly did anything to make Bihar a ‘must visit’ state for domestic and foreign tourists with its Budhhist and Hindu circuits and yoga. Yoga could have been a big attraction and source of employment.

@. Nitish failed to encourage and take the traditional art such as Madhubani paintings to the national and international stage. Even his Litti-Chokha could not reach the Indian metros.

@. Nitish with Lalu are satisfied by declaring the people of Bihar as poorest and had hardly taken any out of the box policy to eradicate poverty through empowering. Can they feel proud when a Kashmiri driver tells them too that the agriculture and construction in Kashmir ( perhaps all over India) will collapse if Bihari workers move out?

@. Nitish has hardly done to train and skill its uneducated millions to get a better remuneration and respect in labour market. Is it very difficult to train masons, drivers, electricians, plumbers, tailors or cooks and housekeepers that the migrant workers from the state get engaged in.

@. Nitish didn’t do sufficient work to make solar and biomass electricity light every nook and corner of Bihar to improve the quality of life. If states like Gujarat and Rajasthan can do it, why couldn’t Bihar? Nitish hardly took up major irrigation project to take care of draught with so many rivers criss-crossing the state.

@. Some young entrepreneurs set up their startups in Bihar, but Nitish Kumar did not provide the required assistance and encouragement to scale up in a large manner to impact the economy.

@. Nitish and Lalu with all their clout in Delhi with Manmohan and Sonia hardly did anything to get the projects of the two railway loco plants in Bihar implemented that would potentially make Bihar a manufacturing state if properly executed.

@. Nitish hardly took a significantly large assistance step to encourage MSMEs that all backward states such as Orissa and Madhya Pradesh have been doing.

@. Nitish hardly took any initiative to get set up the proven models of good schools in rural Bihar, where one or more of schools such as Kendriya , Navodaya, or Kashturba Gandhi Vidyalayas are required in each block. As per the media, he was against them, when that can only be the way out to uplift the rural education. Every block of the state must have a good school of that proven model.

@. Nitish Kumar and Lalu have not taken any step to educate the people at large against the mass copying in all examinations in Bihar thereby damaging the image of Bihar.

@. Nitish did not do anything to attract good professional engineering and medical schools, nor he did anything to improve the older educational institutes of higher education to be in the national ranking. Today, Bihar depends totally on other states for good higher education.

@. Nitish Kumar didn’t do anything to stop rather his government encouraged the spread of country liquor shops even in the remotest nook and corner of the state. All the rural habitations of Bihar has lost its old culture, its traditional festivals and I now avoid going to even my own village. Nitish Kumar hardly did anything to involve all the villagers in running the Panchayats. Mostly, it is run by goons of different types with help of some of their sycophant followers.

@. Years ago, I used to get amazed when in my village every one had two questions for any unknown visitor: first what was your caste, and if the visitor happened to tell that he was employed, the obvious question bombarded was if he got some outside income (bribe). The condition is no different even today. Every one earning through wrong means, say bribes, is considered smart. All the hypes of the actions against dishonest employees has not changed the situations. Biharis have earned an image of corrupt. Nitish could not bring any change.

Nitish with Lalu can’t be the answer for the growth of Bihar. It is for the people to decide if they wish Bihar as state in the league of developed states or remain at the bottom of the ranking when all other Bimaru states but that with ‘B’as the first letter, racing ahead.
(To be continued)

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