Power- Performance, problems, Promises and Piyush Goel

Will the independent analysers evaluate the promises of Piyush Goel in right perspective?
A. Performance one year
1. 22,566 mega-watt (MW) of generation capacity was added in the last one year. 2. There has been the highest ever increase in transmission line capacity of 22,100 circuit km and highest ever increase in sub-station capacity of 66,554 MW.
3. Power deficit at 3.6 per cent in India is the lowest in its history.
4. Coal India Ltd produced a record 32 million tonnes of dry fuel and is looking at producing 100 million tonnes by 2020.
5. The price of LED bulbs have been brought down from Rs.310 last February (2014) to Rs.250 in September, Rs.149 in November, Rs.102 this February and finally Rs.81.3 in March—a decrease of 74%.

B. Problems
But there are some key concerns too:
1. State electricity boards, with a debt of Rs.3.04 trillion and losses of Rs.2.52 trillion, are on the brink of financial collapse.
2. Despite possessing 300 billion tonnes of coal reserves, India imports coal to meet its power requirements.
3. India’s per capita power consumption, about 940 kilowatt-hour (kWh), is among the lowest in the world—by comparison, China consumes 4,000 kWh per capita and rich nations average 15,000kWh per capita. India has an installed power generation capacity of 267,637 MW.
4. Electricity shortage continue to hamper export manufacturers. Over two-thirds of Indian exporters are small producers and are unable to benefit from alternatives such as having a captive power plant.

C. Promises
Based on the above achievement, what can one expect from the future plans of the Government:
1. Raising renewable energy capacity by more than five times to 175,000 MW by 2022, five ultra-mega power plants totalling 20,000 MW, reduction in peak load shortages through revival of stranded gas-based power plants, Rs. 1.09 lakh crore investment in sub-transmission and distribution and Rs. 1 lakh crore of new transmission projects to be bid out in the current year.
2. Clean energy will be prioritised with 25 solar parks of about 100 MW each planned and a Rs. 38,000 crore green energy corridor being set up to transmit renewable energy.
3. The government plans to increase India’s coal production to 1.5 billion tonnes by 2020, with Coal India Ltd (CIL) responsible for producing 1 billion tonnes, in a bid to do away with the need to import coal.
4. In the coming 3-4 years, if all households employ LEDs, we can save peak load in the amount of 27,000 MW. This will reduce 60 million tonnes of carbon dioxide emission per year.

Will by 2019 when the country will go for next general election, Indians will have trouble free 24×7 quality power supply?

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Make-in-India Mission

Make-in-India and Modi’s France visit: There are two good news emanating after Modi’s visit to France that may help Make-in-India drive worthwhile. As expected, after off-the-purchase of 36 Rafale aircrafts, Dassault will, in near future, set up an independent manufacturing facility in a joint venture with HAL or more likely with one of the Indian private companies such as Tata Advanced Systems. TAS is already a reliable vendor in business of manufacturing aircraft components.

In another deal with Arevas for the Jaipur Nuclear Plant, the L&T is expected to get orders for making heavy and critical components such as pressure vessels and steam generators for the plant to cut down the cost of the plant. These orders will be executed by L&T Special Steel and Heavy Forgings (LTSSF), a joint venture between L&T and the Nuclear Power Corporation of India in its manufacturing facility in Hazira, Surat. “Localisation may bring down the tariff at Rs 7 per unit (kWh).”LTSSHF is recognized as India’s largest integrated steel plant and heavy forging unit. With state-of-the art facilities, LTSSHF is capable of producing forgings weighing 120MT each. India and France both will be benefitted if the deals go through.

French defence major Dassault Aviation may be entering into a joint venture with state-run HAL or any private player to set up a base here for augmenting its existing production line. The production rate of Dassault Aviation for Rafale stands at about 1 aircraft per month. However, the company has bagged three major contracts this year totalling to 84 aircraft, all of which have to be delivered fast. Under the original deal, 18 Rafale jets were to be bought off the shelf while 108 were to be manufactured by state-run Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL)or in a JV with some private company.
I get amazed to read that the Indian electronic system design and manufacturing (ESDM) market will grow from $76 billion in 2013 to $94 billion in 2015. India as a country was always good at semiconductor design. However, India does not have a fab to manufacture chips. Several efforts were made to get into getting fabrication factory, but everything failed. I was amused to know that a start up called Cricket Semiconductor with a logo that resembles the traditional red leather ball, would set up a Rs 6,000-crore fabrication unit in Madhya Pradesha start up plans to set up a unit. However, I seriously suggest that the government must intervene, find out from biggies like Sunil Mittal of Airtel or Ambani brothers with big presence in telecom if they will be interested to get into the business. If they are not interested, the government must pursue a company such as Samsung to setup a unit giving all it asks for. India must take this strategic decision. It is a shame that the country has no fabs to manufacture chips just as yet. If over the years countries such as Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia and China can have fans to manufacture chips, why should not India be a major manufacturer? With a prediction for the industry is to touch $400 billion by 2020, it will be prudent to have it soon. Interestingly, many reputed electronics companies have already their manufacturing bases in India. Hyundai, Samsung Electronics, Posco and LG- are all household names in India. These and many other companies are just to expand their footprints in India, and make India their second important manufacturing hub.
Years ago, I had visited an ordinances factory on Jessore Road in Kolkatta. The purpose was to see its manufacturing facilities that machine bore with very large length and diameter ratios. It is surprising that India is still not indigenously producing the big guns and system such as Bofors ones.

According to a recent report, “an Indian 155 millimetre, 45-calibre artillery gun called the Dhanush has cleared its field trials and is ready for manufacture in numbers.” If everything goes alright, it may take still years for India to become a reliable enough manufacturer with globally competitive product in the required number.

Interestingly, at least two private companies have shown intensive interest in manufacturing of artillery systems.

Bharat Forge has invested heavily in setting up a plant to manufacture artillery systems. As reported, Baba Kalyani group has bought not only an artillery factory from Swiss firm RUAG and set it up in India but also purchased technology from an Austrian gun manufacturer to jumpstart its entry into the defence manufacturing sector.

Punj Lloyd is another company ready to enter the major league of defence manufacturers with an investment in a manufacturing facility at Malanpur.

However, perhaps the army is not ready to use indigenously manufactured equipment very happily. None of the India companies have got any order.

Even after all these progresses, there is hardly any road map or time line for finalisation or testing for the howitzers. Instead very recently the government announced the acquisition of 145 pieces of M777 Ultra-Light howitzers from the US under a government-to-government deal. There was no mention for making these American howitzers in India, though the company had offered to shift the manufacturing and testing facility from Hattiesburg, Mississippi, to India. Unfortunately, even after the make-in-India mission, the mindset has hardly changed for the switchover. Even if it is there, the speed is dismally unrecognisable.

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Make in India: What I Wrote

Every month, Micromax sells 3 million mobile devices in India, 70,000 televisions and 70,000 tablets. But these are all perhaps imported ones from China. Is the volume not good enough to start production in India? There are other MNCs and domestic players selling these electronics devices in million in India, totalling as per one estimate to 300 million. Someone in government, be it Mr. Modi, Jaitley or Prasad may call the heads of these companies and ask why can’t they ‘make in India’ even when the volume of sale is so good, and provide all the possible assistances. How long the world depend on Chinese factories for the supply? Interestingly, as per media reports, with the slowdown in China, the manufacturing is shifting to other Asian countries including Mynnamar, Cambodia and Indonesia.Why can’t it be India? If India misses on this opportunity this time, it will miss for ever.
The story of the Rs 52,000 crore Posco steel plant of Odisha is a glaring example how the government both the centre and the state work in India. It also exemplify how the vested interests are kept above the national one. The MoU for the proposed project was signed way back in June 2005. I really wonder why the South Koreans have not yet quit the project. Perhaps it is because POSCO must have already spent huge amount in a hope to get project going, and in process many unscrupulous Indians would have become millionaires. Who will expose the real story that could very easily become a subject matter of a PhD?
Modi’s one point mission in visiting developed countries is to invite investments, technology to India. He has done that with confidence loudly and effectively. In doing so, the companies, in turn, will get benefited immensely because of the market size of India and the region in South East. It will be win win for all. No other prime minister in India took the Make-in-India mission so forcefully, not even Atal Bihari Bajpai.
I have been knowing about the manufacturing facilities that was available with Hindustan Motors and Daewoo Motors India. I knew about Nokia manufacturing facility as it grew as Nokia India. Nokia sold its entire device and services business to Microsoft for $7.5 billion last year, but could not include the Chennai plant, one of its largest handset making facilities, in the deal because the asset was frozen by the central government following a tax litigation. While Birla has managed to sell Hindustan Motors’ huge land unscrupulously that it got almost free from Dr. BCRoy to a private company, and also a lot of capital equipment, it still has huge manufacturing facilities in stamping press shop, Forge and Foundry as well as machining division and tool manufacturing. Daewoo Motors in Surajpur also had a huge land bank, a modern press shop, transmission gear, and engine manufacturing as well as Injection moulding. It happened the Nokia way when GM bought Daewoo Motors of South Korea. I am sure Indian banks would have lost a lot of money in these cases. Why could not the take overs happened the way Mahindra Tech took over Satyam, one of the top tech companies when Raju revealed his unscrupulous financial management. Mr. Modi and Jaitley must see that such closures are proactively stopped and the capital assets not get rusted and junked because of legal holds up. All the three cases are poor planning and strategy and that too of capital intensive manufacturing sector. India can’t afford it any more.
Hind Motor: I got a shock of my life when I heard from Mrs. Bina Laxman Singh that the whole of the residential complex including temples,school and hospital is without electricity and water. Wild grass has grown all over, and it is scaring to move inside right in evening. This is what a bad family management, a poor government and adamant unions can cause. I am sure the managing family and its men have sucked the company totally. Perhaps all the usable machines and equipments would have been sold. It is unfortunate that in a democracy, no one is held responsible for this sort of criminal acts against the nation that aspires today to be a manufacturing giant under Modi. I was also told of one suicide and one heart attack because of this closure. It is painful for those with the memory of the glorious day of the place. But we can’t even have a condolence.

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An Open Letter to Chairman, Noida Authority

Dear Mr. Rama Raman
Chairman and CEO, Noida Authority

Dear Sir,

Sub: Meghdootam Park- Some Suggestions Based on Views of Residents around it

Noida Authirity must endeavour to make Meghdootam Park a model park with world class facilities that include the toilets too. It must become a topmost landmark for Noida and must be good enough to attract all the first time visitors/tourists to Noida to come to Meghdootam Park and to enjoy its uniqueness. As it seems, the development work suddenly stopped as the Mayawati Raj ended. Few suggestions are here:

1. It must create a light and sound programme based on the theme of Kalidas’ ‘Meghdootam’ to be shown once in the week to start with. Music system must also play some times both the Sanskrit, Hindi audio of Meghdootam besides playing the best of the bhajans of all Indian languages or its tunes instead of one that is played now which are perhaps by local artists. Instrumental music will always remain secular. The music system must be extended through all along the outer and inner tracks. The amphitheatre must organise dance drama/show on Meghdootam.

2. An officer must be appointed to oversee this park work in Noida Authority for cleanliness, may be a common one that may include the RWA Centre/Club near by. There are two already built structures on the two sides of the main gate that were perhaps to have Meghdootam Park inscribed in English and Hindi. It should be completed nicely. All milestone slabs on walking jogging tracks must bear the distance it is supposed to give. Tacks must get regularly maintained to avoid accidental injury to senior citizens who extensively use it.

3. The park should have a rose/ Dalia garden and a corner with exotic and medicinal plants integrated in it. NA must build a separate small structure in one corner for store instead of using a toilet complex as store. All along the boundary wall, plantations of Saigoon and sheesam trees can give commercial sustenance. Presently, the dense trees near the boundary wall are the only measure to save the walkers from the smoke and emission belt he’d by the diesel generators in different housing complexes on the periphery. The park may install and integrate a bio-manure setup in one corner to use the leaves and grasses for its use or sale.

4. The covered trash bins are either maintained and kept covered or removed all together. All the covers of electrical panels must remain closed. The benches and dust bins or for that matter, every accessories of the park must get standardised by now and should not change with a tender with a new engineer-in-chief or CEO. Solar panels installed in suitable places aesthetically can generate the power required.

5. The water falls must run at least on the two days in a week. All the housing associations around the park must have water harvesting system feeding the park after recycling, if required.

6. All roads and roadside filth around the great park must get removed more frequently, and the temporary structures of the vendors demolished by police or NA in actions against unauthorised structures, must be removed.

7. The frontage of the park must not have any more super structure. It should remain vacant and green with plants or be used as ground for kids for playing instead of the park premises being used for practising football or cricket. All roads from the different housing complexes leading to the park must have senior citizens friendly well maintained foot paths.the frontage should also remain lighted up to late in the evening. And the adjoining parking facility must be suitably assessed to and from the main entrance. Presently, all the vehicles are parked on the road in front of the gate.

8. Let NA appoint a professional Indian consultant to come out and implement the action plan to take Meghdootam Park to a Kalidas theme-based global class park. Some islands inside may have sculptures representing the different classics of Kalidas or the different places mentioned in Meghdootam.

Finally, we may suggest that if Noida Authority wishes so it can levy an entry fee or issue a membership card at a cost to make the proposition a commercial success and to avoid the damage pilferage or creation of filth by the visitors with negative mindset.

A global class park such as Meghdootam will enhance the brand image of Noida and NA. Please leave back this legacy for posterity.

With a great hope

Indra R Sharma, of IIT, Kharagpur 1961 batch, 75 + years

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Farming uncertainties, Suicides: Issues and Way-outs

Recent hailstorm and untimely heavy rain damaging the ready-to-harvest crops, death of Rajasthan farmer as well as the prediction of deficient monsoon has gone against the passing of Land Bill giving a emotional tool in opposition arsenal to hit at government. Should the bill be pursued for boosting the growth story of India and attracting the investments both domestic as well other global direction in the system?

‘माँगे बारिद देही जल राम चन्द्र के राज’ would have been the only way out to get rid of the deadly effect on farm produce from draught, excess rain and hailstorm. Unfortunately that is not possible till now. But a family of farmer can get rid of its ill- effect with some additional engagements. For the family with smaller landholding, it is essential to breed and rear some cows, buffaloes, goats, pigs, or to have poultry for sufficient additional earning. Even growing different vegetables, commercial plants and trees or fishery in one portion of the land holding can reduce the misery of untimely natural calamity for farm produce to certain extent. Other non-agriculture skill and engagement such as stitching and knitting or food processing can also be of help with its regular small earning. It requires initiative to skill oneself. But the initiative must come from the individual susceptible to the risk with encouragement from the authority including right NGOs. But over the period, a new mindset has grown based on vote politics that almost demands doles, compensations, charity, waivers. Can the politicians shun this? Perhaps not, as they and their favourites are the beneficiaries as middle men. It requires honest discussion and heart searching.

Farmers’ suicides in a such a large number is a national shame. Though the government gets the blame, is not the issue a ‘very complex’ one as RBI governor called it? Naturally, no one can have a control on unpredictable natural disasters. Perhaps the most effective solution will be effective crop insurance system. Every bank or institutional loan may get tied up with insurance to take care of natural disaster. However, this also will require a fool-proof delivery system. Besides, have the suicides someway linked to the gradual transformation of farming society from a joint family system to nuclear one? Can a multi crop farming or multiple engagements in some non-agricultural activities take care of a good living even after a natural disaster? Can a group of experts come out with some innovative and practical suggestions to overcome this national shame? Can every farmer with loan be provided with effective education and counselling to face the situation? The world does end with few disastrous losses. Even after all that, one can rise and prosper. Perhaps the main issue is ‘नहिं दरिद्र सम दुख जग माहीं’ and every thing must be aimed at eliminating the poverty systematically. And the cause of the poverty is his helplessness. Everything a farmer buys is at market price, while he sells his produce at minimal price.

As some has talked of the hard truth: ‘farming, throughout history, everywhere in the world, has made no commercial sense except when accompanied by a huge exploitation of farm labour by people owning very large tracts of land. The same investments of capital, time and effort have yielded huge multiples of income elsewhere, as traders will testify.The ‘terms of trade’ – the ratio of what a farmer pays to others and what he receives from them – are in farmers’ favour only very rarely.

Some Facts of Agrarian Crisis
1. There are nearly 120 million cultivators and 144 million landless agricultural labourers. Between 2001 and 2011, 9 million people quit cultivation but 38 million joined the ranks of agricultural labourers.
2.Data collected in 2012-13 shows the shocking condition of farmers owning less than a hectare of land. Although such small holders make up nearly 83% of cultivator households, their average monthly income-expenditure shows that they are all in the red -their expenditure is more than income.
3. In India, out of the net sown area of 141 million hectares just 65 million hectares is the net irrigated area. This means that about 54% of the sown area is dependent on rains.among all farmers with irrigated fields, 71% were using groundwater while only 17% could use water from irrigation canals.
4. About 103 million hectares of land is cultivated in India but it is divided into a staggering 449 million plots of land, some of them just a few hundred square feet in size. Just 6% of cultivated land is in 10 hectare or larger holdings.
5. 60 per cent of India’s population is employed in agriculture. Half this number owns no land at all.76 per cent of those employed in agriculture wanted to do something else; 61 per cent preferred an urban job. 56 per cent of small farmers – those with less than 100 square metres of farmland – earned the majority of their income in the form of wages from an external job.

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An Open Letter to PM: Industry and Academia

I was the batch-mate of Prof. BB Pandey at IIT, Kharagpur. I had met him first on the day I had gone to IIT, Kharagpur with my grandfather for the interview, well back in 1957. I joined Mechanical Engineeing while he chose Civil. I joined industry, he continued with academia. But we remained contact. Pandeyji is a devoted academician. I giving below his letter to PMO. I wish PM calls such people and hear them.

BBPandey, Advisor, Sponsored Research and Industrial Consultancy,Civil engineering Department, Professor(retd) and Ex-Head, Civil Engineering, mob:9434054439
braj@civil.iitkgp.ernet.in; bbpandey40@gmail.com 21st April,2015

Honourable Sri Narendra Modijee
The Prime Minister of India
Sub: Taking India to new heights by utilising IITs, NITs and other academic and research Institutions
1. I feel happy that you are making all-out effort to bring industries from abroad to make India a manufacturing hub and thereby creating huge job opportunity for young men and women apart from large economic benefits that may accrue from it. It is also well known that the foreign firms will never reveal their secrets and key parts of machinery will always come from abroad. There is very little chance of any technology transfer to Indian engineers.
2. It is therefore, necessary to utilise intellectual capability of our talented young men and women so that they develop and invent new products and make India a developed nation . The students of IITs are very talented since the best young talents join IITs after a very tough two stage screening process. As per my 50 years of long experience at IIT Kharagpur as a faculty, I feel confident that students of IITs can develop anything from robots to rockets if they are motivated to do exciting problems. Students of varied specialisations live in hostels and this is their strength which even professors do not have. Any development needs knowledge of diverse subjects and joining hands with experts in different areas should be the way out. IIT Kharagpur is the first in the chain of IITs and the very first film on the IIT Kharagpur(the only IIT then) made by Film division of India in 1957 shown in different cinema halls in India clearly informed the public that IITs would produce engineers who would make everything needed by India from aeroplanes to big ships; and India would be self-sufficient. But this is still a distant dream. Even IITs import equipment at a great cost which possibly they could have made with some joint effort and liberal funding. Sufficient investment in coordinated time bound research with a set milestone has not been made in India and we have been falling far behind other countries at a rapid rate. We are importing many things which can be easily made in India if we make honest attempts. MAKE IN INDIA slogan is to be implemented. If scientists and engineers of different specialisations join hands, there is nothing we cannot do. In spite of efforts by Directors, most engineering and science disciplines of different Institutes in India are compartmentalised and interactions among them is limited unlike top universities of the developed countries. Individually we are highly knowledgeable, but collectively we count little and we have yet make impact towards making India a developed country.

3. I suggest that all the Ph.D. and master’s research in IITs and other top Institutes should be on live problems facing India with clear objectives so that we become richer year after year by investment in research. Unlike Indian universities, our students find research in USA and Europe very exciting because they work on live problems . Such problems are more difficult than an invented problem for thesis work. Direct contribution to the wealth of the country in terms of science and technology, products, knowledge should get major emphasis and not merely working on publication oriented research with costly imported equipment. If the Government does not utilise IITs in a big way by providing fund for solving live problems, professors will invent problems requiring less funds for Ph.D. and Master’s theses which may not have direct impact on society though trained man power is always an asset. Sponsored research projects produce good output.
4 We build roads that are damaged in one rain. This is repeated again and again. There is something wrong with our standards. I myself deal with road related matter and framed standards on behalf of the Indian Roads Congress responsible for making standards for Roads in India. The government should involve IITs and other academic institutions in a big way.
5 Faculty of academic Institutes should be given good salary and all activity connected with sponsored research and industrial consultancy should be part and parcel of the academic activity. Funds collected can go towards fees ,assistanceship, repair of equipment, housing, medical facility etc for scholars etc.

Yours faithfully

Prof B.B.Pandey,IIT Kharagpur,West Bengal April 21,2015

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Make in India: Aircrafts

Be it Boeing, Airbus or recently in news France’s Dassault Aviation, all will have a win-win situation by setting up manufacturing facilities in India, may be, by roping in an Indian partner to jointly manufacture aircrafts in different categories. India though has agreed to buy 36 Rafales from Dassault, as its next step it may pursue the French firm to sign up an Indian partner and form a joint venture company in which the local firm could own up to 51 per cent stake. The JV firm could execute the contract to supply the remaining planes. Tata can be one of the good prospective local players with lot of expertise in aircraft components. Tata can be a player in manufacturing of helicopters too that are required in pretty good numbers in the entire region.

Even for civil aircrafts, India and it’s region,the fastest growing one in the world with huge market makes the Make-in-India strategy a commercially viable proposition. For example as per one estimate, ‘India would need 1,600 more aircraft over the next 20 years – that’s explosive growth. India’s 400 million strong middle class – by far the biggest in the world, hanker for efficient connectivity between district towns to state capitals, and then with the metros of the country and the destinations abroad. All this creates demand for better air services. Mahindra with a small aircraft manufacturing company in Austalia in its fold and its intention to extend that manufacturing to India, can be good vendor for locally flying machines.

With China and Pakistan, the unscrupulous neighbours for our peace loving democracy, a similar high demand will persist in airforce machines too. HAL may focus on such machine. The success of Tejas must have given confidence of manufacturing competitive products for airforce.

India is also strategically located as manufacturing base with advantage of having huge talented human resources for R&D and design centres, obvious because of the so many development centres of big MNCs in manufacturing sector. India facilities can supply to the entire region.

A growing number of reputed business groups, Tatas, M&M, Bharat Forge, Wipro as well as new entrepreneurs such as Dynamatic Technologies, Aequs, Titan’s Precision Engineering are already setting up facilities for manufacturing components for sector and are ready to be reliable vendors for aviation sector. Dynamatic supplies flap track beams for the A330 family of Airbus long-range jets. Dynamatic will soon supply directly to Airbus and thus become the first Indian private sector company to become a global Tier-I supplier to Airbus.The outsourced commercial aerospace manufacturing appears to be taking root in India. Wipro has invested Rs 60 crore in its new seven-acre facility in Bangalore. Mahindra Group has invested $70 (Rs 420 crore) million in its Bangalore facility. Tata Advanced Systems Ltd (TASL), Tata Sons’ subsidiary for its aerospace and defence business, has invested in an aerospace manufacturing facility in Adibatla, near Hyderabad. Tata Advanced Systems Ltd produces the Sikorsky S92 fuselage (main cabin) as a single source in India. It also rolled out the first cabin for S92, a four-bladed helicopter in November 2011 and the company has produced more than 80.Mahindra Aerospace plant in Bangalore will assemble components and aerostructures in sheet metal, machining, and special processing. It is doing simple to complex detailed parts and doing sub-assemblies, and can start doing larger aerostructures. Wipro makes actuators for landing gears.Titan’s Precision Engineering Division makes machined components for aero engines and engine accessories. Its customers include the UTC Group (a Tier-I supplier), Prat and Whitney, and Rolls Royce, among others.

As reported, “Airbus plans to increase its Indian outsourcing from $400 million to $2 billion in next five years.” May be the next step for Airbus will be to start the aggregating facility in India. Moreover as reported in media, “Airbus is willing to set up final assembly lines and establish supply chains and related infrastructure for military transport aircraft and helicopters in India. Airbus Defence and Space has submitted a joint proposal with Tata to produce the modern C-295 aircraft in India as a replacement for the ageing Avro aircraft of the Indian Air Force.The division also plans to develop and manufacture electronic sensors with a partner in India and has advanced discussions to support Hindustan Aeronautics’ (HAL) combat aircraft programme.”

HAL facilities with the type of management and its past record will not be able to meet the total critical requirement of the nation. It still continues to manufacture everything in-house and has failed to develop the required number of reliable vendors for its product lines. It will require a re engineering of its facilities based on different product categories- military operational, helicopters, transport planes. It will have to have integrated design and development centres with each of the divisions. I do’t know under government if HAL can become a global class player in aircraft manufacturing.

All these factors must make the global players in aircraft manufacturing to set up their aircraft aggregating assembly shops in India.

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