Media igniting communalism unknowingly

Media and quite a large number of intellectuals are harming real secularism of the communities of the country. Why should Imam support of Congress get so much of coverage? Imam might not understand the consequences of his pronouncement and appeal to the minority voters for his vested interest to vote for a party at one time and the other next time. Sonia, Mulayam or Nitish must understand that better. However, I felt pretty happy that Imam didn’t recommend for voting SP, and BSP, and I wish the community doesn’t vote for their Lok Sabha candidates. Both SP and BSP have been cheating the minority with false promises.

Further, why should media keep on reporting that ‘the Muslim vote may consolidates clearly against the BJP, and Muslim voters in constituency after constituency may vote carefully and tactically with the only objective of denying a victory to the Bharatiya Janata Party candidate, this could be key to how far the NDA finds itself from its the magic number of 272 MPs on May 16.’ Surely, a large number of Hindus will feel bad after reading this news.

Many types of community-based data appearing in media do also cause heart burn. Should those with BJP affiliation not feel bad to know that only around 5-6 percent of major minority voters cast their votes for their party? Should we discuss everything on TV channels in name of freedom of expression?

What big purpose will be served by the recent revelation of Cobrapost of Anirudh Bahl regarding the Babri Masjid demolition? Will Anirudh get a ‘Padma’ for that or the highest award of investigative journalism? Many Hindus still believe that Babri Masjid was built on the birth place of Rama. It was not Babar but one of his generals built that. The masjids near the most important Hindu pilgrimages at Mathura, Varanasi, and Ayodhya always remind Hindus the era of slavery and foreign rule when they visit the places. Why can’t the saner in them convince the fellow community leaders about the sentimental values of these places for Hindus.

How can a responsible prime minister declare that the first right on the resources of India is that of the minority community? Is not some thing that no sane Indian can take it rightly.

Whether some one likes it or not, BJP is going to remain as a powerful entity and certainly it is less dynastic and more democratic than Congress. How can a country of billion plus get governed only by few members of a family?

Muslims are integral part of India. They must join the mainstream. If the Dalits and tribals can understand the importance of mainstream education in science and technologies, that of the knowledge of English and economics, why can’t the minority accept that and get benefitted. Why not the government try to integrate them in all the educational institutes rather than building separate institutions and examination systems for the minority community that is around 18 percent or so of our billion plus overall population?

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Media igniting communalism unknowingly

Media and quite a large number of intellectuals are harming real secularism of the communities of the country. Why should Imam support of Congress get so much of coverage? Imam might not understand the consequences of his pronouncement and appeal to the minority voters for his vested interest to vote for a party at one time and the other next time. Sonia, Mulayam or Nitish must understand that better. However, I felt pretty happy that Imam didn’t recommend for voting SP, and BSP, and I wish the community doesn’t vote for their Lok Sabha candidates. Both SP and BSP have been cheating the minority with false promises.

Further, why should media keep on reporting that ‘the Muslim vote may consolidates clearly against the BJP, and Muslim voters in constituency after constituency may vote carefully and tactically with the only objective of denying a victory to the Bharatiya Janata Party candidate, this could be key to how far the NDA finds itself from its the magic number of 272 MPs on May 16.’ Surely, a large number of Hindus will feel bad after reading this news.

Many types of community-based data appearing in media do also cause heart burn. Should those with BJP affiliation not feel bad to know that only around 5-6 percent of major minority voters cast their votes for their party? Should we discuss everything on TV channels in name of freedom of expression?

What big purpose will be served by the recent revelation of Cobrapost of Anirudh Bahl regarding the Babri Masjid demolition? Will Anirudh get a ‘Padma’ for that or the highest award of investigative journalism? Many Hindus still believe that Babri Masjid was built on the birth place of Rama. It was not Babar but one of his generals built that. The masjids near the most important Hindu pilgrimages at Mathura, Varanasi, and Ayodhya always remind Hindus the era of slavery and foreign rule when they visit the places. Why can’t the saner in them convince the fellow community leaders about the sentimental values of these places for Hindus.

How can a responsible prime minister declare that the first right on the resources of India is that of the minority community? Is not some thing that no sane Indian can take it rightly.

Whether some one likes it or not, BJP is going to remain as a powerful entity and certainly it is less dynastic and more democratic than Congress. How can a country of billion plus get governed only by few members of a family?

Muslims are integral part of India. They must join the mainstream. If the Dalits and tribals can understand the importance of mainstream education in science and technologies, that of the knowledge of English and economics, why can’t the minority accept that and get benefitted. Why not the government try to integrate them in all the educational institutes rather than building separate institutions and examination systems for the minority community that is around 18 percent or so of our billion plus overall population?

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Election 2014 and my Constituencies

I have lived in three constituencies of the country and so have kept a tab on the candidates who fight election there. Now I live in Noida, and Dr. Mahesh Sharma is the candidate of BJP. He has been a doctor entrepreneur with number of super-specialty hospitals. Kailash Hospital in Noida has been pretty popular. I wish if with large number of retired senior citizens of the high end of the society, Dr. Sharma gets some ‘first class old age home complex’ with all the necessary facilities for the aged ones who live away from their children built in Noida.

Interestingly, my home comes in famous Sasaram constituency in Bihar. Sasaram as such is associated with Rohitasva of puranic era, Ashoka the great because of the location of one of his rock inscription nearby, and then as the birth place and final resting mausoleum of Shershah. No other emperor in India did so much in so little time that Allah granted him to rule. And in independent India, Jagjivan Ram, one of the great political leaders and the illustrious son of this great land of the era represented Sasaram in New Delhi. Unfortunately, Sasaram is in no better a condition that Shershah would have seen and experienced in his childhood for no fault of its own. Sasaram could have easily become heritage city or town. The water bodies around Shershah Mausoleum and the one in Takia (part of Sasaram) could have been a big tourist attraction and breathing space for the population of Sasaram. Unfortunately, none did anything. I find the political leaders hardly had any attachment with the place but for visiting it during election time. I have been visiting the mausoleum in Sasaram since my childhood day. Every time I go there, I get more and more morose. And now again a party hopper Chhedi Paswan is the BJP candidate against Meira Kumar, the daughter of Jagjivan Ram. Interestingly as I came to know very lately, Chhedi Paswan was born in Takia itself. I will certainly love to see Meira Kumar winning because her knowledge and performance as speaker of the last Lok Sabha, though she also has hardly done anything what I would have loved to see in Sasaram. I wish who so ever wins, must take care of the heritage of Sasaram.

And the famous Hooghly is having Chandan Mitra, basically a journalist, but hardly impressive as the BJP candidate. As usual, the word ‘development’ or ‘law order situation’ hardly has mattered in deciding the election results of West Bengal. For coming 20-25 years Mamta and her party will rule the state till someone again learns the lesson of winning votes from the history of the leftists or Mamta. Almost all the companies, perhaps in hundreds or thousands along both sides of the River Hooghly and the old Suri’s Grand Trunk Road have got converted into ruins requiring archeologists to know about their glorious past. My own company, once the only car company of India is on death bed with very few to mourn. What can any one or I expect from the win or loss in Election 2014 in West Bengal? But Mamta will be a satisfied queen or princess of the state playing a significant role in the formation of the next government in Delhi.
यथा प्रजा तथा राजा ।

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Manufacturing India: getting murdered

While every one from the incumbent economist prime minister to the prime minister designates has been talking loudly to focus on the manufacturing, the Indian manufacturing has been getting killed systematically through hyped globalisation, free trade agreements and also by unscrupulous traders. Importing has become almost free. Why would entrepreneurs or even established manufacturers like to take the pain of setting up and managing manufacturing enterprises.

The Chinese, Malaysian, and even Bangladeshi produces are entering Indian households almost as it has happened in US and other European countries. Yesterday, I visited a shop in sector 9 of Noida with my knowledgeable friend Arora to select lighting fixtures and fittings for my apartment that is getting ready. To my surprise, the old proprietor of very well-stocked shop himself said, ‘these are all Chinese.”

Few weeks ago, one of my friends took me to Biyani’s retail outlets that sells everything that a new house would require. I had my shock of the life. Both the outlets of the group in Noida- ‘Home Town’ and ‘Home Centre’ sell all types of the furnitures and fittings including beds, sofas, and dining tables sourced from Malaysia and other countries. Why are these groups not promoting design and manufacturing of these items for which all the input including the talents and skills are available indigenously? Is it because of customers preference for anything foreign or because the import has become so easy and hassle-free, even with critical CAD of the country? It is not only the crude oils and palm oils but even high end napkins, sanitary towels and diapers are getting imported.

As it appears many have a similar views and are pained too. I came across an interesting article in ‘The Indian Express’ by Jaitirth Rao. It is in line with my views that I have kept on writing:

“Uday Kotak said a few months back, in the course of an interview, that he was amazed that in his new office in Mumbai, not one of the furniture or fixture items were made in India. My friend Rahul Bhasin conducted a similar exercise in his office in Delhi and discovered pretty much the same thing. The carpet is from China, the furniture is from Malaysia, the light fixtures are from China, the glass partition is from all places, Jebel Ali in the Middle East and so on. Kotak went on to add that even Ganesha statues are no longer made in India. They are imported from China.”

Shockingly according to an Assocham study, “In the past five years, about 40 per cent of Indian toy companies have shut shop, while another 20 per cent are on the verge of shutting, as Chinese products flood the Indian market.”

A recent report in ‘Business Today’ tells how the Chinese imports are hitting Indian MSME sector and how the manufacturers are even shutting down the shops and getting into trading. “According to government figures, Chinese imports leapt from $32.45 billion (Rs 146,005 crore) in 2008/09 to $52.25 billion (Rs 3,13,500 crore) in 2012/13. And the Chinese import includes all categories from low-value, low-cost products like toys and crackers to high-value items like electronics and machinery, and the import portfolio has also expanded across product categories like gift sets, glasses, bathroom fittings, builder hardware, furniture and ceramics.”

“The share of manufacturing in total GDP has largely remained stable at around 15% for more than two decades now. The Wise Men of India know whys of the deterioration. But no one is ready to take action against it. Obsolete regulations—which go to the extent of requiring state sanction to shut down unprofitable operations—and restrictive labour regulations that affect the entry, functioning and exit of firms, regressive labour laws that favour the entrenched interests of rent-seeking labour unions, have effectively stalled the economy from utilizing the country’s cheap labour potential to build a competitive manufacturing sector.”

Early 1980s saw the establishment of Maruti Udyog with Suzuki, Japan. Perhaps, its biggest contribution was the huge growth of local auto components manufacturing. However, over the last few years many OEMs in automobile manufacturing have been showing preference for imported components. For example, Hero Moto, the world’s largest two-wheeler manufacturer imports components from China to cut costs. India’s share of global automobile parts exports remained below 1 per cent over the last decade because component makers have not been able to catch up with other low-cost Asian destinations. No agency has endeavoured to find out the reasons for that and solutions. Exports in 2015 are expected to be less than a quarter of the $33 billion target set by the Auto Component Manufacturers’ Association in 2003-04.

About 60-65 per cent of the Chinese imports are critical parts like engine pistons, transmission drives, and steering and body components.Along with China, other Asian countries such as South Korea, Thailand and Taiwan have increased their share in Indian automobile part imports while the shares of Japan and the US have declined. “Glass, tyres, rubber, aluminium bearings and electronic chips are imported by a car manufacturer in India from China because they are available cheaper there. This is affecting local parts manufacturers.” Despite years of operation in India, some foreign companies do not have 85-90 per cent locally manufactured components in their vehicles.

The exports by Auto component remained at $9.69 billion in 2013, while the import touched $12.70 billion last year. The country remained a net importer of components.

Every sector has performed in similar manner. While US as well as Europe, whom we Indians are hell bent in copying for everything, are talking of manufacturing renaissance, India is still in slumber so far the growth of the manufacturing sector is concerned. Will it be effectively different if a new government comes in May, 2014?

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Why Muslims must vote for BJP?

Muslims constitute 13.4 per cent of India’s population. Jammu & Kashmir is the only Muslim majority state. Pockets of West Bengal, Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Kerala and Bihar have pretty high Muslim population. Forty-six of the 543 Lok Sabha constituencies have more than 30 per cent Muslims. The community makes a decisive impact on the outcomes of about 110 seats. A mass swing in any direction is bound to dramatically alter India’s complex political arithmetic.

Find below some of the views expressed by Muslims that appeared in media recently:

” In the 2014 parliamentary elections, they are likely to vote for the best-placed candidate to defeat BJP nationally….For Muslims, communalism is a much bigger issue than corruption (and perhaps their prosperity, health or education) .”

“Muslims in UP will vote for whoever can defeat BJP candidates.” “We may be angry with SP but what option do we have? Muslims will have to choose between SP and BSP in most of UP.”

And the remarks of its leaders are equally difficult to digest for the secular India.

Imam Barkati, the Shahi Imam of the Tipu Sultan mosque in Kolkata, approves of the strong words Rahul Gandhi uses against Narendra Modi and the BJP and wants Mamata Banerjee to make sharper attacks on them too.

Senior Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind leader Mahmood Madani says, “In some places like Assam, Bengal etc they will vote for candidates, in other places like UP and Bihar, they may vote to defeat a particular party”.

Akeel Ahmad, a local from Bareilly, claimed the first choice of the Muslims would be a national party, since Lok Sabha elections are about government formation at the Centre. “But to defeat Modi, they may vote tactically and this would be decided only at the eleventh hour.

Aligarh Muslim University Teachers’ Association secretary Aftab Alam announced that the association will pass a resolution, dissuading voters in UP and Bihar from voting for “communal and fascist forces”.

Are these not divisive statements? And it has resulted in regional parties such as SP, BSP, TMC to mushroom and prosper on the plea of secularism rather more so by branding the only national alternative as fundamentalist. Is it possible to today to have a stable government in Delhi?

Who should decide the secular credential of a political party?

Tanweer Alam, a Delhi-based activist wrote very rightly: ‘India is secular not because Muslims want it to be so, but because this country has evolved over millennia in a way that religion and its practice have been left out of the domain of the state. Europe did not become secular to accommodate Jews, Muslims or Buddhists, but to protect people from sectarian strife within Christianity. US secularism has similar origins. India too is secular because of Hindus, not Muslims, Sikhs, Christians or Parsis.’

Recent surveys point to a massive swing in favour of Modi, the BJP and the NDA. It cuts across the urban-rural, caste and community divides. However, Muslims have not fallen in the line to the country-wide upsurge for a change in Delhi.

However, some voices raise hope.

Nagaland Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio wondered if the BJP is called communal, how can Congress be different as it is also “giving undue protection to certain communities”.

Interestingly, the Congress has been visibly trying to woo Muslims at all cost. Just on the day, EC declared the schedule of General Election 2014, the UPA government published 4 full page status report on the status report on Justice Sachar Committee on the minority in all the national newspapers. I don’t know how many of the Muslims went through it.

And in next few days, a panel appointed by the UPA to review the implementation of recommendations made by the Justice Rajinder Sachar Committee found that the conditions of Muslims had not changed perceptibly since 2006. Who stopped the government in implementing those measures? Is it not a cheating of the community?

Even the PDP — the main opposition party in Jammu & Kashmir — as well as Hurriyat and separatist leaders believe that BJP’s “anti-Muslim” prime ministerial nominee, Narendra Modi, is the best bet for Muslim-dominated Kashmir in the hope he can address both the internal and external dimensions of the region’s problem.

And the Supreme Court rapped the Mulayam government in Uttar Pradesh and the Central government for failing to ‘smell’ the Muzaffarnagar riots and take timely steps to prevent it from happening. Still Muslims in UP will not vote for UPA and the SP which are majorly banking on minority support in the 2014. Is it not illogical, unethical and, may be, antinational for the Muslims under the influence of their religious and political leaders to shun BJP even in 2014 election for Delhi?

Why should Muslims rally behind the candidate best positioned to defeat the BJP and vote for any party which hardly has performed when in power even at state level?

BJP is certainly not a party of Hindus. Why do Muslims brand BJP a communal party, if other minority communities do not do that?

“In Goa Assembly election, BJP had put up a large number of members of the Christian community. Most of the minority community voters of Goa voted for the BJP. Many of the ministers including the Deputy Chief Minister belong to the minority community.

Will there be change in this forthcoming election? All sane Indian hopes so and so do many Muslim youths of India. In the recently elections to the Rajasthan Assembly only four members of the minority community – two Sikhs and two Muslims were elected to the legislative assembly. All the four belong to the BJP.”

Muslims, particularly educated ones must join BJP in large number. Unless the winnable Muslims join BJP, how can they be expected to be its candidate? No party can resort to Harakiri by selecting any one from the community just for enhancing the number.

I wish many like MJ Akbar join BJP, and Muslim youths carefully think over what Akbar who has been a distinguished journalist and author said about Narendra Modi:

“There has never been, since independence, such intense scrutiny, or such absolute determination to trace guilt to a Chief Minister, as Modi faced from institutions loyal to the UPA government over two full terms.”

“We need a national recovery mission. Only someone who has delivered can offer a credible promise of leading such a critical mission.

Let the community leaders change their mind about BJP in the interest of the country that is their motherland. Only then, they can pass a verdict if BJP is communal and discriminates. In the interest for a stronger India moving to become superpower, it is essential.

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Manufacturing India: the necessity of product development

One like me, who has seen the Indian manufacturing from very near quarter for almost fifty years, gets amazed to read such news. “The large royalty payments by MNCs and the consequent outflow of foreign exchange totalled $37 billion last year.”

Maruti Motors alone paid ₹2453.8 crore to its parent company Suzuki in 2012-13 itself. And during last five years between 2009-2013, the total amount of the royalty outgo from Maruti to Suzuki amounted ₹7843.9 crore. One can very well imagine what it means for an automobile plant. Suzuki could have easily set up at least three new manufacturing plants with a capacity of 1,50,000 per annum each in the last five year with only the earning from the royalty.

One may blame the government policy or something else. But anyone in the position of Suzuki would extract the maximum from the country dependent on import of technology. The amount may vary. However, the real challenge lies in creating a situation where India too start earning such royalties through its own innovations and product designs that are superior and in demand by the customers all over the world. Indian companies will have to pour sufficient money in R&D and world class product development. The government will have to facilitate to have an ecosystem for that.

One of the main reasons of poor show in manufacturing of critical high-tech items is the over-dependence of the Indian government on public sector units run under various ministries set up over years that had hardly kept pace with the global technology development in critical areas.

BMEL has languished as assembler of Tatra trucks for army over all these years. It could have certainly developed a better product. BHEL could hardly meet the domestic demands of power plant equipment with its old technology. A company of its size with so many years of experience could have certainly become a significant global player.

Except for L&T, hardly any other big manufacturing company came in private sector. Even Tatas that one time manufactured locomotives and earth moving equipment, could not upgrade its products to the world class standard of technology, and closed the business or carried on with domestic market.

There are many areas where India has lagged in the manufacturing capability. India is today top importer of arms in the world. Very lately it has just sought to diversify its sources from different countries including USA, but done very little to develop the defence arms and equipment with the cutting edge technologies indigenously that can reduce its import significantly.

DRDO and its 50 establishments as well as the five defence PSUs, four shipyards and 39 ordnance factories were expected to develop, produce and deliver all the weapon systems. However, its performance till is far short of the need of the nation. Unless the India develop and manufacture defence equipment and hardware, as well as be able to sell them in a competitive global market, the country can’t be rated high in manufacturing capability. Unfortunately, the government has till date hesitated to involve the private sector in the manufacture of the defence items. There are reasons to believe that some Indian companies are capable to do that and also interested in investing for it.

Ajai Sukla, who keeps on writing on this issue, has a wish list for the political leadership of the government that comes after Election 2014: The next government “must lay down specific goals to galvanise indigenous defence such as: by the end of this decade (a) the Indian Air Force will field an indigenous medium combat aircraft powered by engines built in India, and the military’s range of light and medium helicopters will be India-designed and developed; (b) the navy will deploy indigenous nuclear-powered and conventionally powered submarines, and one nuclear-powered aircraft carrier; (c) the army will field an indigenous main battle tank and infantry combat vehicle, both with indigenous engines; and (d) all three defence services will develop secure terrestrial and satellite networks that have minimal foreign components.” However, it must commit itself in implementing all what is required to have it fast in reality with its benefits to the manufacturing in India.

Surprisingly, I found a programme ‘Innovating for a better tomorrow’ on CNN-IBN that talked about one defence achievement, the Brahmos, the world’s fastest cruise missile that can be maneuvered while still in flight.

Another product that got mention was the development by Dr Reny M Roy, DRDO scientist of the Explosive Detection Kit (EDK) that uses chemicals to trigger reactions and detect explosives.

One gets impressed with its specifications. But unless India puts it in operation and also export it to the leading user countries, India hardly gets its benefits.

In other areas too, some Indian innovative products made impressive reviews by even the manufacturing experts of developed countries.
@ Tata Motors: Nano, the cheapest car of the world and then ACE, the mini-truck
@ M&M : Scorpio, the cheapest SUV

Bajaj Auto, and Hero Moto are now world class two-wheeler manufacturers with its own products. However, in high end products, both are still to make the presence felt. Other Indian innovation worth-mentioning are:
• Hindustan Unilever: For Pureit Water Purifiers, a breakthrough innovation developed and designed locally for low-cost domestic water purification.
• Godrej & Boyce ChotuKool: A compact small fridge that runs on both electricity and battery for the mid- and low-income urban and rural markets.
• GE Healthcare: For introducing MAC 400, a low-cost ECG machine that has profoundly impacted clinical guidelines and ECG standards, and made ECGs available to every physician, every patient, everywhere.

India could have gone ahead with better integration of its IT talents with product development and manufacturing. However, there is hardly any visible indicators coming from the Indian manufacturers.

All Indians are looking with hope for the new government arising out the general election 2014 to take up the growth of the manufacturing seriously and do everything for its growth at 12-15 percent per annum for next five years. That alone can make India a superpower, not the services. India will have this as its last opportunity.

It is a welcome sign that both the national parties in election fray for winning the election in 2014 are at least considering manufacturing as the key sector for the growth of the country. Narendra Modi wishes the country to focus on the manufacturing sector, particularly electronics and defence, to reduce the high dependence on imports and ensure inclusive growth. ” Rahul Gandhi does also promise to make India ‘a manufacturing hub of the world’. Unfortunately, the mechanical engineer, Arvind has only one point plan of stopping Modi in his bid to reach the top chair.

Let us wait the best for the nation.

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NaMo, RaGa, AK! If India Eleects, You

@ Will re-engineer the cabinet formation with lesser number of totally accountable ministries where the targets of various infrastructures or developmental parameters are not defined by the sanction amount but by the units of its achievents, and the objective must be to get the projects implemented in time bound manners.

@ Will work for providing universal excellent education for all.

@ Will use your cadre and volunteer force around the country so that all poor and deserving families possess the ration cards and get one cooking gas cylinder every month at the subsidised price.

@ Will mobilise your volunteers around every school in rural and urban India to ensure that every child compulsorily attend the school full time and not only for mid day meal.

@ Will abandon the practice of contract teachers working simultaneously with very high salaried teachers in the schools.

@ Will appoint an retired and trained ex-defence force graduate personnel as administrator in every rural school to supervise the working of every aspect of management for excellence? (Every rural school will manage a village library, an information centre with broad band internet connected computers and also compulsorily take up the task of imparting knowledge including preventive health care, physical exercises and skill including that of farming, necessary education for all adult men and women.)

@ Will set up a hall of activity centre in every village that can be used by the rural entrepreneurial women such as SHO for manufacturing marketable items, and will provide help in marketing them.

@ Will have at least a weekly marketplace in each panchayat.

@ Will provide every panchayat in next ten years with an ITI and a model high school on the model of Kendriya Vidyalaya or Navodaya Vidyalaya, along with one IIT, one IIM, one AIAMS in every state.

@ Will make India energy surplus working prudently in every field, be it the oil and gas exploration, coal mining, solar and wind, biomass and nuclear, efficient generation and distribution, and waste reduction. For example, ‘a very recent issue of The Economist noted that the German energy giant Siemens reckons that new solar cells have the potential to produce electricity cheaper than coal-fired generators can.’

@ Will work for a GDP growth of at least 10 percent per annum with equal emphasis on all the three sectors- agriculture, manufacturing, and services.

@ Will focus on the manufacturing sector and do everything as the nation’s priority number one to grow at 12 percent per annum to improve its share to around 25 percent of GDP providing employment to all the youngsters in rural as well as urban India in all sorts of low cost low tech to high end high tech fields. Indian entrepreneurs must get a change in mind-set for manufacturing rather than giving it up to become traders of Chinese goods as increasingly happening.
@ Will encourage ‘Made in India’, and encourage traders and organised big retailers to get the wares for domestic and global consumers to manufacture in India.

@ Will encourage every enterprise, the small, medium and big to export to have CAD and foreign currency reserves favourable. Overall exports must reach a trillion by 2022.

@ Will fix up a time period for the end of the practice of reservation of any kind that is more divisive than anything less and put the thrust on empowerment and elimination of the causes of differentiation.

@ Will have a new planned city at every100 km of all the highways with manufacturing centres, education hub, and living accommodation.

@ Will make India the most attractive for foreigners to come for business, education, medical treatment, spiritual attainment or tourism in largest number.

@ Will make India glorious and powerful in every field so that every Indian takes pride in calling himself so.

And finally for the 81 plus million voters: Vote decisively to give a clear verdict to one of the political parties. The nation deserves that decision of singlemindedness.

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