Some Historical Entries


Who should be the icons of Indian Muslims? Why can’t Indian Muslims adore Dara Sikoh instead of Aurangzeb? Recently I came across two articles on Dara Sikoh, the eldest son of Shahjahan. While reading Sunil Khilnani’s recent book, Reincarnations, I found that one life out of fifty was that of Dara Sikoh. I read another article,’Not-Plassey 1757, but-Samugarh1658 fateful-day in history that fixed the subcontinents future fate’ in Times of India recently too about Dara Sikoh by Murad Ali Baig. Dara was liberal and Indian culture and Hindi scriptures with highest regard. Dara had translated the Bhagwad Gita and Upanishads from Sanskrit into Persian. With the eldest and most favourite son of the India empire of Shahjahan becoming a Sanskrit scholar, it may be assumed that there had been considerable Hindu-Muslim amity in the time of Shahjahan.’ Dara’s own book called the ‘Mingling of the Oceans’ showed the many similarities between the Quran and the Brahma Shastras. But Shahjahan was imprisoned and Dara got defeated by Aurangzeb. “At the trial the imperial Qazi asked Dara to hand him the jade thumb ring that was still on his left hand. He is reported to have turned it over and asked why the green stone was inscribed with the words ‘Allah’ on one side and ‘Prabhu’ on the other. Dara evidently replied that the creator was known by many names and called God, Allah, Prabhu, Jehova, Ahura Mazda and many more names by devout people in many different lands. He added that it is written in the Quran that Allah had sent down 1,24,000 messengers to show all the people of the world the way of righteousness and he believed that these messengers had been sent not only to Muslims but to all the people of the world in every age…….Aurangzeb casually signed the order of execution after the Qazis found Dara guilty of heresy.” History took a different turn. 

Tarek Fatah, an author, columnist and broadcaster, and an Indian born in Pakistan in 1949, in a blog in Times of India, May 31, claimed to have suggested to young Muslim youths in Delhi, ‘as a start they launch a petition asking the Indian and Delhi governments to rename the city’s ‘Aurangzeb Road’ and henceforth call it ‘Dara Shikoh Road’ after the poet prince who was beheaded by younger brother Aurangzeb. There was scattered laughter followed by silence.’ Can Indian Muslims expect even that the majority Hindu community today must forget what Aurangzeb and other like him did to Hindus? Hindus just expect that Indian Muslims don’t take pride in what Pakistani views. 

Akbar may remain part of Indian history because the way Akbar treated Hindus as described by many historians. Richard von Garbe wrote in his book ‘Akbar, Emperor of India’, “Of decided significance for Akbar’s success, was his patronage of the native population”. Akbar won over Hindu masses by granting them not only freedom to their faith but even adopted some of their practices out of respect and for the unity of his subjects. According to writer Mridula Chari, Mughal Emperor Akbar also embarked on a grand project to translate and transliterate the definitive Brahminical version of the Ramayana epic of 24,000 verses from Sanskrit into Persian. Completed in 1584, Akbar’s Ramayana was the first time the grand Hindu epic became available to the outside world. But how can Hindu not respect Prithaviraj and Rana Pratap more than Gaznavi, Ghori and Akbar. They had fought the daring battles for keeping their land independent. I wish Indian Muslims become generous and accommodative, and Indian Muslims allow their brethren Hindus to build the temples on the three sites of utmost value. And why should they not! as they are part of the brutal large scale conversions of Emperors like Aurangzeb. Muslims of India as responsible Indian citizens should take the right decision for their improved integrity in India by asking themselves these questions. Was Dara a lesser Muslim in the eyes of the Indian Muslim? Is Javed Akhatar, who said, ‘It is his right to say ’Vande Mataram’ and ‘Bharat mata ki jai’ a lesser Muslim than AIMIM MP Asaddudin Owaisi? Muslims must never vouch for what Aurangzeb did and what Owaisi or Muslims wish them to do today, to save this left over country that has been founded after sacrificing a major portion of Bharat against the will of the majority in a hurry because of the greed of few politicians. History says so. Indians now wish to live in peace with prosperity of everyone as the national goal. And under any pretext a real Indian will not like to loose even an inch of this land or any further division just for satisfying some rogues. We Indians of any caste, creed, religion must get harmonised to make the country a totally integrated nation. And the solution lies in increasing the modern education in Muslims and fortunately happening as reported-‘Student population rises 30%, Muslims beat national average’. 


According to a new book ‘Ayodhya Revisited’ penned by Kishore Kunal, one of the distinguished IPS officers, “Babar never ordered demolition of the Ram Janmabhoomi Temple at Ayodhya. He never visited Ayodhya. The claim of the historians that Mir Baqi, the then governor of Oudh, got the Babri mosque constructed in 1528 is also fictitious,”The four great Mughal emperors – Babar, Akbar, Shahjahan and Jehangir – were liberals and never ordered demolition of any temple in the country. It was Aurangzeb who demolished Ayodhya Temple. Kunal is also planning to file an intervention petition in the Supreme Court, where the Ayodhya case is pending judgment following an appeal filed against the Allahabad high court judgment. ……

Will the history taught in our school be revised? ”


A new study funded by an IIT Kharagpur grant which brought together a geologist, a palaeoscientist and physicists from four scientific institutions to work on the excavations of a now-deceased ASI archaeologist, has found that the Indus Valley Civilisation was at least 8,000 years old, and not around 5,000 years old as previously believed.

If their evidence, published in Nature – the world’s most highly-cited interdisciplinary science journal – and using the ‘optically stimulated luminescence’ method on ancient pottery shards, is correct then it substantially pushes back the beginnings of ancient Indian civilisation. It proves that it took root well before the heyday of the pharaohs of Egypt (7000-3000 BC) or the Mesopotamian civilisation (6500-3100 BC) in the valley of the Tigris and Euphrates. The researchers have also found evidence of a pre-Harappan civilisation that existed for at least a thousand years before this, which may force a global rethink on the generally accepted timelines of so-called ‘cradles of civilisation’. Read it if you wish to know the details. In a similar manners, if the researches are carried out by Indian experts without any bias, many new truths will appear.

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